Richard Jones <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:
>>> i have a table of around 3 million rows from which i regularly (twice a
>>> second at the moment) need to select a random row from

> i was hoping there was some trickery with sequences that would allow me to 
> easily pick a random valid sequence number..?

There is no magic bullet here, but if you expect that requirement to
persist then it is worth your trouble to expend effort on a real
solution.  A real solution in my mind would look like

1. Add a column "random_id float8 default random()".  The idea here
   is that you assign a random ID to each row as it is created.

2. Add an index on the above column.

3. Your query now looks like

        SELECT * FROM table WHERE random_id >= random()
        ORDER BY random_id LIMIT 1;

This gives you a plan on the order of

 Limit  (cost=0.00..0.17 rows=1 width=8)
   ->  Index Scan using fooi on foo  (cost=0.00..57.00 rows=334 width=8)
         Filter: (random_id >= random())

which is fast and gives a genuinely random result row.  At least up
until you have enough rows that there start being duplicate random_ids,
which AFAIK would be 2 billion rows with a decent random()
implementation.  If you're concerned about that, you could periodically
re-randomize with
        UPDATE table SET random_id = random();
so that any rows that were "hidden" because they had a duplicate
random_id have another shot at being choosable.  But with only a few mil
rows I don't think you need to worry.

                        regards, tom lane

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