On 28 January 2010 21:38, Daevid Vincent <dae...@daevid.com> wrote: > An intersting synopsis of "Semaphores". I've done similar things in the > past, but never knew this is what I was doing. LOL. Just like I've built an > uber XML parser/editor and didn't know that I actually built a "Factory". > Ahhh... good old data structures -- they didn't teach these things when > I was in college (20+ years ago). > > I particularly found this part interesting as I hadn't considered this, > "What you _DON'T_ do, is see if the lock is already there before trying to > write one. No need and provides the possibility for another user, > using the same code, to be interleaved." I am assuming (and correct me if > I'm wrong) as you will get a race condition (on a sufficiently large > system) wherein, two users check "is there a directory lock", and the > system responds "No" to each, and then the code attempts to create a > directory. Then one of them gets a lock granted (i.e a directory) and since > 'there can be only one' [highlander reference] the other one THINKS they > got the lock (too). Doh!
What happens in code depends upon the code. If the code doesn't test the result of assigning the lock, then there is no lock. Every write will overwrite whatever was previously written if all users use the same code. And there is the major flaw of distributed or client initiated semaphoring. It is entirely possible for you to open up your DB gui tool and amend the data. Completely bypassing the semaphoring. So, whilst semaphoring is really useful for long edits, it isn't perfect. But as long as all code use the same semaphoring logic, then it is fine. > The wiki page is also interesting and I'd always heard these terms, but > never really knew what they were in a practical sense: "A mutex is a binary > semaphore that usually incorporates extra features, such as ownership, > priority inversion protection or recursivity. The differences between > mutexes and semaphores are operating system dependent, though mutexes are > implemented by specialized and faster routines. Mutexes are meant to be > used for mutual exclusion (post/release operation is restricted to thread > which called pend/acquire) only and binary semaphores are meant to be used > for event notification (post-ability from any thread) and mutual exclusion. > Events are also sometimes called event semaphores and are used for event > notification." > > And this also helped to clarify: > http://stackoverflow.com/questions/62814/difference-between-binary-semaphor > e-and-mutex > Ha! Toilets. -- ----- Richard Quadling "Standing on the shoulders of some very clever giants!" EE : http://www.experts-exchange.com/M_248814.html EE4Free : http://www.experts-exchange.com/becomeAnExpert.jsp Zend Certified Engineer : http://zend.com/zce.php?c=ZEND002498&r=213474731 ZOPA : http://uk.zopa.com/member/RQuadling -- PHP Database Mailing List (http://www.php.net/) To unsubscribe, visit: http://www.php.net/unsub.php