Hi all,

over the last weeks, we have extended the Berlin SPARQL Benchmark (BSBM) to a multi-client scenario, fine-tuned the benchmark dataset and the query mix, and implemented a SQL version of the benchmark in order to be able to compare SPARQL stores with classical SQL stores.

Today, we have released the results of running the BSBM Benchmark Version 2 against:

+ three RDF stores (Virtuoso Version 5.0.8, Sesame Version 2.2, Jena TDB Version 0.53) and + two relational database-to-RDF wrappers (D2R Server Version 0.4 and Virtuoso - RDF Views Version 5.0.8).

for datasets ranging from 250,000 triples to 100,000,000 triples.

In order to set the SPARQL query performance into context we also report the results of running the SQL version of the benchmark against two relational database management systems (MySQL 5.1.26 and Virtuoso - RDBMS Version 5.0.8).

A comparison of the performance for a single client working against the stores is found here:


A comparison of the performance for 1 to 16 clients simultaneously executing query mixes against the stores is found here:


The complete benchmark results including the setup of the experiment and the configuration of the different stores is found here:


The current specification of the Berlin SPARQL Benchmark is found here:


It is interesting to see:

1. that relational database to RDF wrappers generally outperform RDF stores for larger dataset sizes. 2. that no store outperforms the others for all queries and dataset sizes. 3. that the query throughput still varies widely within the multi-client scenario. 4. that the fastest RDF store is still 7 times slower than a relational database.

Thanks a lot to

+ Eli Lilly and Company and especially Susie Stephens for making this work possible through a research grant. + Orri Erling, Andy Seaborne, Arjohn Kampman, Michael Schmidt, Richard Cyganiak, Ivan Mikhailov, Patrick van Kleef, and Christian Becker for their feedback on the benchmark design and their help with configuring the stores and running the benchmark experiment.

Without all your help it would not been possible to conduct this experiment.

We highly welcome feedback on the benchmark design and the results of the experiment.


Chris Bizer and Andreas Schultz

Prof. Dr. Chris Bizer
Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin
Phone: +49 30 838 55509
Web: www.bizer.de

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