Gold is often found as nuggets of the pure metal or as veins of the pure metal in quartz, while iron, which is much more chemically reactive, is never found free in nature (except occasionally in the form of meteorites) and requires a rather high temperature (higher than you can get with a regular open flame, so you need a bellows) to extract it from ore with the help of a reducing agent such as charcoal. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, IIRC, there were some people somewhere in the Middle East who had figured out how to extract iron from ore by about 900 BC.

At 09:39 PM 8/11/03 -0400, Scott McGee wrote:
Right, that makes more sense. One is the process of melting metal from ore and working the metal, the other is more, uh, well, melting metal from ore, and, hmm, working the metal.

Maybe that doesn't make much sense after all.


George Cobabe wrote:

I think that there is a difference between melting and working gold and the
making of metal alloys such as steel.  I think that is what is being
objected to when they say they was no metal working.


----- Original Message ----- From: "John W. Redelfs" <[EMAIL PROTECTED]>
Sent: Sunday, August 10, 2003 8:20 PM
Subject: [ZION] Metallurgy in Ancient America

I found an article on mining and metallurgy in ancient America, mostly in
NW South America.  I have heard some object to the Book of Mormon on
grounds that there has been no evidence of a metal working culture in
American archaeology.  Apparently I'm missing something.  Isn't gold a
metal?  And didn't the Spanish conquistadors take mountains of gold back
the Old World even to the point of causing a great inflation?  Undoubtedly
I just don't understand the objection being made.  To be honest, I haven't
made a study of it, apologetics not being one of my strong interests.

Question:  Do we yet know where Lehi landed in the Americas, and where the
earliest Lehite colonies were?  Is it still generally thought that he
landed on the coast of modern Chile, or was that ever a popular theory?

-- Ronn! :)

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