Carsten Dominik <> writes:

> Hi Eric,
> On Wed, Oct 18, 2017 at 4:58 PM, Eric Abrahamsen <> 
> wrote:
>  Carsten Dominik <> writes:
>  > Dear all,
>  >
>  > this is great added functionality that I have missed a lot myself.  Thanks 
> for this!  Also, I like the key binding.
>  I do too, though I also notice it conflicts with inlinetask insertion.
> Ooops.  I overlooked that. Hmmm, that is not ideal.
> Maybe then C-c C-x w would be better, w can stand for "wrap".
>  > One improvement I can think of it to read the block type with completion 
> (but still allow any word to be used).
>  I'd be happy to do that. There would be a tiny bit of redundancy with
>  `org-structure-template-alist', but nothing too terrible.
> I agree.  You could pull it would of the alist, but I am not sure it is worth 
> it.

Okay, here's another version, with a new keybinding and completion. The
completion strings are uppercase, which might not always be the right
thing, but probably more often than not.


>From cb6f1815259094f7f9b68459dcded5dce14d3154 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Eric Abrahamsen <>
Date: Sat, 7 Oct 2017 13:01:14 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] New function org-insert-structure-template

* lisp/org.el (org-insert-structure-template): New function for
  wrapping region (or element at point) in a begin/end block.
  (org-structure-predefined-blocks): New option holding predefined
  blocks, for completion.
* doc/org.texi (Structure of code blocks, Easy templates): And in
* testing/lisp/test-org.el (test-org/insert-template): New test.
 doc/org.texi             | 21 +++++++++++++++------
 etc/ORG-NEWS             |  4 ++++
 lisp/org.el              | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 testing/lisp/test-org.el | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 108 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/doc/org.texi b/doc/org.texi
index c54f2615a..6ad9d1c15 100644
--- a/doc/org.texi
+++ b/doc/org.texi
@@ -15242,12 +15242,13 @@ A @samp{src} block conforms to this structure:
 @end example
-Org mode's templates system (@pxref{Easy templates}) speeds up creating
-@samp{src} code blocks with just three keystrokes.  Do not be put-off by
-having to remember the source block syntax.  Org also works with other
-completion systems in Emacs, some of which predate Org and have custom
-domain-specific languages for defining templates.  Regular use of templates
-reduces errors, increases accuracy, and maintains consistency.
+Do not be put off by having to remember the source block syntax.  Org mode
+offers two ways of speeding up the creation of src code blocks: a template
+system that can create a new block with just three keystrokes, and a command
+for wrapping existing text in a block (@pxref{Easy templates}).  Org also
+works with other completion systems in Emacs, some of which predate Org and
+have custom domain-specific languages for defining templates.  Regular use of
+templates reduces errors, increases accuracy, and maintains consistency.
 @cindex source code, inline
 An inline code block conforms to this structure:
@@ -17418,6 +17419,14 @@ Org comes with these pre-defined easy templates:
 More templates can added by customizing the variable
 @code{org-structure-template-alist}, whose docstring has additional details.
+@findex org-insert-structure-template
+@kindex C-c C-x w
+Easy templates are ideal when writing new content, but sometimes it is
+necessary to mark up existing content.  For these cases, Org provides the
+function @code{org-insert-structure-template}, which prompts for a block
+type, and wraps either the active region or the current Org element in that
+block.  This command is bound to @kbd{C-c C-x w} by default.
 @node Speed keys
 @section Speed keys
 @cindex speed keys
diff --git a/etc/ORG-NEWS b/etc/ORG-NEWS
index 1076dd970..190a6b8bc 100644
--- a/etc/ORG-NEWS
+++ b/etc/ORG-NEWS
@@ -109,6 +109,10 @@ you should expect to see something like:
 ** New functions
+*** ~org-insert-structure-template~
+This function can be used to wrap existing text of Org elements in
+a #+BEGIN_FOO/#+END_FOO block.  Bound to C-c C-x w by default.
 *** ~org-export-excluded-from-toc-p~
diff --git a/lisp/org.el b/lisp/org.el
index 54687abc7..e1cf14cae 100644
--- a/lisp/org.el
+++ b/lisp/org.el
@@ -12117,6 +12117,13 @@ keywords relative to each registered export back-end."
+(defcustom org-structure-predefined-blocks
+  "Block structure completion names."
+  :group 'org-completion
+  :type '(repeat string)
+  :package-version '(Org . "9.1.3"))
 (defcustom org-structure-template-alist
   '(("s" "#+BEGIN_SRC ?\n\n#+END_SRC")
     ("e" "#+BEGIN_EXAMPLE\n?\n#+END_EXAMPLE")
@@ -12189,6 +12196,45 @@ expands them."
     (insert rpl)
     (when (re-search-backward "\\?" start t) (delete-char 1))))
+(defun org-insert-structure-template (&optional type)
+  "Insert a block structure of the type #+BEGIN_FOO/#+END_FOO.
+Prompts for a block type, and inserts the block.  With an active
+region, wrap the region in the block.  With an element under
+point, wrap the element in the block.  Otherwise, insert an empty
+  (interactive)
+  (setq type (or type (completing-read "Block type: "
+				       org-structure-predefined-blocks)))
+  (unless (use-region-p)
+    (when (org-element-at-point)
+      (org-mark-element)))
+  (let ((s (if (use-region-p)
+	       (region-beginning)
+	     (point)))
+	(e (copy-marker (if (use-region-p)
+			    (region-end)
+			  (point))
+			t))
+	column)
+    (when (string-equal (downcase type) "example")
+      (org-escape-code-in-region s e))
+    (goto-char s)
+    (setq column (current-indentation))
+    (beginning-of-line)
+    (indent-to column)
+    (insert (format "#+BEGIN_%s\n" type))
+    (goto-char e)
+    (if (bolp)
+	(progn
+	  (skip-chars-backward " \n\t")
+	  (forward-line))
+      (end-of-line)
+      (insert "\n"))
+    (indent-to column)
+    (insert (format "#+END_%s\n"
+		    type))
+    (set-marker e nil)))
 ;;;; TODO, DEADLINE, Comments
 (defun org-toggle-comment ()
@@ -19652,6 +19698,7 @@ COMMANDS is a list of alternating OLDDEF NEWDEF command names."
 (org-defkey org-mode-map "\C-c\C-xE"    'org-inc-effort)
 (org-defkey org-mode-map "\C-c\C-xo"    'org-toggle-ordered-property)
 (org-defkey org-mode-map "\C-c\C-xi"    'org-columns-insert-dblock)
+(org-defkey org-mode-map "\C-c\C-xw"    'org-insert-structure-template)
 (org-defkey org-mode-map [(control ?c) (control ?x) ?\;] 'org-timer-set-timer)
 (org-defkey org-mode-map "\C-c\C-x."    'org-timer)
diff --git a/testing/lisp/test-org.el b/testing/lisp/test-org.el
index f94079b7e..84924eb23 100644
--- a/testing/lisp/test-org.el
+++ b/testing/lisp/test-org.el
@@ -4033,6 +4033,48 @@ Text.
        (org-next-block 1 nil "^[ \t]*#\\+BEGIN_QUOTE")
        (looking-at "#\\+begin_quote")))))
+(ert-deftest test-org/insert-template ()
+  "Test `org-insert-structure-template'."
+  ;; Test in empty buffer.
+  (should
+   (string= "#+BEGIN_FOO\n#+END_FOO\n"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text ""
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "FOO")
+	      (buffer-string))))
+  ;; Test with text in buffer, but no region set.
+  (should
+   (string= "#+BEGIN_FOO\nI'm a paragraph\n#+END_FOO\n\nI'm a second paragraph"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text "I'm a paragraph\n\nI'm a second paragraph"
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "FOO")
+	      (buffer-string))))
+  ;; Test with text in buffer, no region, no final newline.
+  (should
+   (string= "#+BEGIN_FOO\nI'm a paragraph.\n#+END_FOO\n"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text "I'm a paragraph."
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "FOO")
+	      (buffer-string))))
+  ;; Test with text in buffer and region set.
+  (should
+   (string= "#+BEGIN_FOO\nI'm a paragraph\n\nI'm a second paragrah\n#+END_FOO\n"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text "I'm a paragraph\n\nI'm a second paragrah"
+	      (goto-char (point-min))
+	      (set-mark (point))
+	      (goto-char (point-max))
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "FOO")
+	      (buffer-string))))
+  ;; Test with example escaping.
+  (should
+   (string= "#+BEGIN_EXAMPLE\n,* Heading\n#+END_EXAMPLE\n"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text "* Heading"
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "EXAMPLE")
+	      (buffer-string))))
+  ;; Test with indentation.
+  (should
+   (string= "  #+BEGIN_FOO\n  This is a paragraph\n  #+END_FOO\n"
+	    (org-test-with-temp-text "  This is a paragraph"
+	      (org-insert-structure-template "FOO")
+	      (buffer-string)))))
 (ert-deftest test-org/previous-block ()
   "Test `org-previous-block' specifications."
   ;; Regular test.

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