On Mon, Aug 26, 2013 at 06:26:36AM -0400, Richard Ruquist wrote:
> It should be mentioned that final causation requires downward causation to
> be operative.

Why?

The principle of least action in Lagrangian dynamics is an apparent
final causation, but no downward causation is in play, as there are no levels.


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Prof Russell Standish                  Phone 0425 253119 (mobile)
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