Why computer consciousness and artificial intelligence are impossible. Acccording to Bertrand Russell, there are two types of knowledge:
a) Knowledge by description. It is common knowledge that Obama is president. Example: Computer code. Artificial intelligence. Third person singular. b) Knowledge by experience. You have met Obama. Example: Human perception. Human intelligence. First person singular. Computers cannot simulate human activities or experiences or consciousness because they have to deal in code, which consists of instructions or descriptions. Computers cannot deal in knowledge by experience, so they cannot experience, produce experiences, or understand experiences. Thus computer intelligence and artificial intelligence are impossible. Computers deal in code (third person singular). Only people and other living entities can deal in experiences or be conscious (first person singular.) So only humans and other living entities can be conscious or be truly intelligent. Thus artificial intelligence is impossible Dr. Roger B Clough NIST (ret.) [1/1/2000] See my Leibniz site at http://independent.academia.edu/RogerClough -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Everything List" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to everything-list+unsubscr...@googlegroups.com. To post to this group, send email to firstname.lastname@example.org. Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list. For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.