Hi John,

On Mon, Dec 23, 2013 at 10:18 PM, John Mikes <jami...@gmail.com> wrote:
> List-Friends of diverse linguistic origins: is there in another language a
> WORD meaning the same idiosyncrasy as what the USA " p r i v a c y " indeed
> covers?

In Portuguese, the most common word is "privacidade", which indeed is
an anglicanism (although it's so commonly used that most people are
not aware of that). But we have an older word: "sigilo". It is still
the one used in legal contexts. So, for example, "sigilo bancário" is
an old recognized right to bank privacy and "sigilo médico" the right
to privacy about your health history. There's also "sigilo de
justiça", which protects the privacy of people under criminal
investigation. Then you have "direito de imagem", which translates
literally to "the right to your image", and which includes norms
against being surveilled with photographic equipment.

> I know of none in German, Hungarian, Latin, French, Russian but
> maybe my 'second' vocabularies are defcient. I also wonder whether in the
> Pre-American English-English there was something like that?
> (Anotrher similar US-puzzle emerged lately: the "Christ" in Christmas what
> 'faithful' souls want to preserve in the 'spirit' of the holyday, I know
> names for Christmas in several languages and none includes 'Christ'. Anybody
> increasing my knowledge?)

The portuguese word for Christmas is "Natal", which directly
translates to "birth". It is implicit who's birth it is.

I suspect that the Saturnalia, that it came to replace, was a whole
lot more fun.

Telmo.

> John M
>
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