Am 09.05.2021 um 17:14 schrieb Ryan Joseph via fpc-devel:
On May 9, 2021, at 3:40 AM, Sven Barth <pascaldra...@googlemail.com> wrote:
=== code begin ===
TTest = class
TTestSub = class refcounted(TTest)
// maybe this functions stores the reference
=== code end ===
I see, the reference counting is broken because you move up into a non-ref
counted class. Yeah that's something programers simply should not do or be
prevented from doing. I don't see this particular case being a problem however
because your ref counted object is going to be in the base of a hierarchy,
probably enforced even. The only reason for opt-in ARC is so we don't pollute
TObject but it still doesn't mean that you should be adding this in the middle
of class trees.
But that won't stop users from introducing reference counted classes
somewhere down in the tree. Enabling reference counting by type is
essentially introducing a new class hierarchy and that makes it useless
for interacting with the existing RTL/FCL/LCL.
Here is the bigger problem:
procedure HandleObject(obj: TObject);
// the list now stores the class but it's lost ref-counting because it was
cast to TObject
// we lost ref counting now!
obj := TTestSub.Create;
Once you cast away from your managed class type things fall apart. Records aid
this by not allowing casting but you could enforce some kinds of checks for
managed classes if you wanted to. Doesn't seem like a deal breaker to me if you
add new type rules for passing/assigning.
That is exactly *the same* problem, not a "bigger" one. It doesn't
matter if the instance is passed to a function right away or through
using Self in a parent class, the result is the same: the reference
count is no longer accurate.
And *that* is why I'm in favor of an approach that is external to the
class. It's much clearer then that this is not something inherent to the
class and thus users won't expect this to be handled transparently (and
this is also why I'm against a keyword like Michael suggested, it only
wakes expectations that we won't and can't fullfill).
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