Thanks to everyone who has been answering my questions over the past several days (weeks) concerning installing and upgrading FreeBSD.

I am now going to try again. I am installing v. 4.8 on a server. This server is to be a Postfix w/Courier IMAP server integrated into a Linux-based network, authentication centralized using PAM & LDAP. That's about it.

Now, some people might say, don't install 4.8 go straight for 5.x. The reason I am doing this, however, is because I want to not only know how to perform upgrades, but I want hands on experience. So, hopefully I am not making this too difficult for me.

Finally, while I'm reinstalling 4.8, I would like to know something about the following.
It seems to me that cvsup is actually downloading the entire repository of packages for FreeBSD. Is that really what one has to do to perform an upgrade? It seems like what you would need to do is merely upgrade those packages necessary for the latest kernel, then upgrade the kernel, then upgrade all installed packages. (Packages meaning ports, right?)

Thanks again!


On 23 Aug, 2004, at 11:10, Steven Friedrich wrote:

On Monday 23 August 2004 01:58 pm, Curtis Vaughan wrote:
On 23 Aug, 2004, at 10:51, Steven Friedrich wrote:
On Monday 23 August 2004 01:39 pm, Curtis Vaughan wrote:
So, could someone tell me if my system is salvageable or not and what
need to do?
Or, should I just start over?


On 21 Aug, 2004, at 17:06, Curtis Vaughan wrote:
So, it is my understanding that I did in fact do things right (or
to say that The Complete FreeBSD had the right directions. But that
something else went wrong.

BTW, I installed 4.8 from scratch.  Then spent a couple of days
to do a cvsup making sure that I set everything up right (sources:
Complete FreeBSD,, and this list.

Then I did the cvsup. Everything else I've already written about in
previous letter.

Unfortunately, it doesn't seem that booting into an old kernel is an
option. I have looked at the files on my system and there is no
kernel.old or anything like it. There is only a kernel directory
/boot/ directory.

What information do I need to provide to perhaps salvage this system?
And what steps did I possibly miss?


"Kevin D. Kinsey, DaleCo, S.P." <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:
Yup.  Go back to the top --- I missed where
in your list of steps you actually *installed*
the new kernel...

That would be where he said:
make kernel

which is equivalent to "make buildkernel installkernel".

It doesn't explain quite what's happening here, though -- and he
didn't even *hint* at such basic clues as what version he was
from or to (there may be extra steps for large updating jumps).

Booting the old kernel is certainly worth a try before starting
though; the system is quite likely to be salvageable.
[EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list
To unsubscribe, send any mail to

_______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"

_______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"

Try to boot into single-user mode, i.e., when the system boots, it'll
a 10 second countdown. Hit spacebar to abort the countdown. Then type
-s and it'll boot into single-user mode with only the root partition

type mount -a to get the other partitions mounted.

Then redo your buildworld,etc., but skip mergemaster stuff.

Here's the steps:
cd /usr/src
make buildworld
make buildkernel KERNCONF=yourkernelname (you DID copy GENERIC and
it didn't you?)
make installkernel KERNCONF=yourkernelname
make installworld

Skipping the mergemaster stuff will mean that any recent changes to
config files will be missing, but you should be able to come up

If these steps fail, it'll probably be easier to just reinstall.

As I wrote in an earlier letter, I can't get into single-user mode. Here's what happens after using the boot -s option:

It's asks: Enter full pathname of shell or RETURN for /bin/sh

But when I hit RETURN, it says: pid 7 (ssh), uid -: exited on signal 12
Aug 20 08:41:58 init: single user shell terminated, restarting

and then it asks again: Enter full path....

I have tried also manually entering in:


[EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list
To unsubscribe, send any mail to

unless you are expert enough to use FreeBSD boot and repair floppies, I
recommend you just reinstall.
[EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list
To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"

_______________________________________________ [EMAIL PROTECTED] mailing list To unsubscribe, send any mail to "[EMAIL PROTECTED]"

Reply via email to