> Hi All,
> We recently experienced an "unplanned storage" fail over on our XenServer 
> pool. The pool is 7.1 based (on certified HP kit), and runs a mix of 
> FreeBSD (all 10.3 based except for a legacy 9.x VM) - and a few Windows 
> VM's - storage is provided by two Citrix certified Synology storage boxes.
> During the fail over - Xen see's the storage paths go down, and come up 
> again (re-attaching when they are available again). Timing this - it takes 
> around a minute, worst case.
> The process killed 99% of our FreeBSD VM's :(
> The earlier 9.x FreeBSD box survived, and all the Windows VM's survived.
> Is there some 'tuneable' we can set to make the 10.3 boxes more tolerant of 
> the I/O delays that occur during a storage fail over?
> I've enclosed some of the error we observed below. I realise a full storage 
> fail over is a 'stressful time' for VM's - but the Windows VM's, and 
> earlier FreeBSD version survived without issue. All the 10.3 boxes logged 
> I/O errors, and then panic'd / rebooted.
> We've setup a test lab with the same kit - and can now replicate this at 
> will (every time most to all the FreeBSD 10.x boxes panic and reboot, but 
> Windows prevails) - so we can test any potential fixes.
> So if anyone can suggest anything we can tweak to minimize the chances of 
> this happening (i.e. make I/O more timeout tolerant, or set larger 
> timeouts?) that'd be great.

As you found one of these let me point out the pair of them:
kern.cam.ada.default_timeout: 30
kern.cam.ada.retry_count: 4

Rather than increasing default_timeout you might try increasing
retry_count.  Though it would seem that the default settings should
of allowed for a 2 minute failure window, it may be that these
are not working as I expect in this situation.

> Errors we observed:
> ada0: disk error cmd=write 11339752-11339767 status: ffffffff
> ada0: disk error cmd=write 
Did you actually get this 4 times, then it fell through to
the next error?  There should be some retry counts in here
some place counting up to 4, then cam/ada should give up
and pass the error up the stack.

> g_vfs_done():11340544-11340607gpt/root[WRITE(offset=4731097088, 
> length=8192)] status: ffffffff error = 5
> (repeated a couple of times with different values)
> Machine then goes on to panic:

Ah, okay, so it is repeating.. these messages should be
30 seconds apart, there should be exactly 4 of them,
then you get the panic.   If that is the case try cranking
kern.cam.ada.retry_count up and see if that resolves your

> g_vfs_done():panic: softdep_setup_freeblocks: inode busy
> cpuid = 0
> KDB: stack backtrace:
> #0 0xffffffff8098e810 at kdb_backtrace+0x60
> #1 0xffffffff809514e6 at vpanic+0x126
> #2 0xffffffff809513b3 at panic+0x43
> #3 0xffffffff80b9c685 at softdep_setup_freeblocks+0xaf5
> #4 0xffffffff80b86bae at ffs_truncate+0x44e
> #5 0xffffffff80bbec49 at ufs_setattr+0x769
> #6 0xffffffff80e81891 at VOP_SETATTR_APV+0xa1
> #7 0xffffffff80a053c5 at vn_trunacte+0x165
> #8 0xffffffff809ff236 at kern_openat+0x326
> #9 0xffffffff80d56e6f at amd64_syscall+0x40f
> #10 0xffffffff80d3c0cb at Xfast_syscall+0xfb
> Another box also logged:
> ada0: disk error cmd=read 9970080-9970082 status: ffffffff
> g_vfs_done():gpt/root[READ(offset=4029825024, length=1536)]error = 5
> vnode_pager_getpages: I/O read error
> vm_fault: pager read error, pid 24219 (make)
> And again, went on to panic shortly thereafter.
> I had to hand transcribe the above from screen shots / video, so apologies 
> if any errors crept in.
> I'm hoping there's just a magic sysctl / kernel option we can set to up the 
> timeouts? (if it is as simple as timeouts killing things)

Yes, freebsd does not live long when its disk drive goes away... 2.5 minutes
to panic in almost all cases of a drive failure.

Rod Grimes                                                 rgri...@freebsd.org
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