Tom Lane wrote:
> Oliver Elphick <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> writes:
> > On Sat, 2003-01-04 at 02:17, Tom Lane wrote:
> >> There isn't any simple way to lock *everyone* out of the DB and still
> >> allow pg_upgrade to connect via the postmaster, and even if there were,
> >> the DBA could too easily forget to do it.
> > I tackled this issue in the Debian upgrade scripts.
> > I close the running postmaster and open a new postmaster using a
> > different port, so that normal connection attempts will fail because
> > there is no postmaster running on the normal port.
> That's a good kluge, but still a kluge: it doesn't completely guarantee
> that no one else connects while pg_upgrade is trying to do its thing.

I was thinking about using GUC:

        #max_connections = 32
        #superuser_reserved_connections = 2

Set both of those to 1, and you lock out everyone but the super-user. 
In fact, we can specify those on postmaster start with -c
max_connections=1, etc.

> I am also concerned about the consequences of automatic background
> activities.  Even the periodic auto-CHECKPOINT done by current code
> is not obviously safe to run behind pg_upgrade's back (it does make
> WAL entries).  And the auto-VACUUM that we are currently thinking of
> is even less obviously safe.  I think that someday, running pg_upgrade
> standalone will become *necessary*, not just a good safety feature.

Yes, certainly we are in major hack mode with pg_upgrade.

  Bruce Momjian                        |
  [EMAIL PROTECTED]               |  (610) 359-1001
  +  If your life is a hard drive,     |  13 Roberts Road
  +  Christ can be your backup.        |  Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073

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TIP 4: Don't 'kill -9' the postmaster

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