On Fri, Feb 3, 2017 at 10:54 AM, Robert Haas <robertmh...@gmail.com> wrote:
>> What needs to be resolved to decide if any of this is actually sane is to
>> figure out which of these values need to be int64 on the SQL side because
>> (a) they could practically exceed the range of signed int32 and (b) it
>> would bother us to show such values as negative rather than large
>> positive.  I suspect that not all the things currently declared as int64
>> really need to be.  I also remain unhappy that we can't manage to be
>> consistent about what a BlockNumber parameter is represented as.
> The existing usage is mixed.  For example, gin_metapage_info() returns
> pending_head and pending_tail as bigint, and those are BlockNumber at
> the C level. But bt_metap returns fastroot as int4, and that's also a
> BlockNumber at the C level.  For my money, int8 is a better choice
> because I don't like the idea of the block number rolling over to a
> negative value for a large relation, but I probably wouldn't bother
> breaking compatibility for the existing cases where it's been done
> otherwise, because relations of at least 16TB in size are not yet very
> common.  At some point we may have to bite that bullet but maybe not
> today.

So based on that theory, here's a patch.

- In hash_page_items, the returned columns are declared as itemoffset
int2, ctid tid, and data int8 at the SQL level.  There's existing
precedent for returning itemoffset as either int2 or int4, but since
at the C level it is uint16 it seems best to stick with int4, so the
patch changes that.  The other types seem OK: data is an int8 because
it's reporting the hash code, and that's uint32 at the C level.

- In hash_bitmap_info, the returned columns are declared as
bitmapblkno int8, bitmapbit int4, and bitstatus bool.  Since a block
number is a uint32 at the C level, it seems right to use int8 at the
SQL level per the above, because of signedness.  The other two return
columns are fine also.  The BlahGetDatum macros mostly match the
types, although in the case of bitmapblkno it differs in signedness
(UInt64GetDatum rather than Int64GetDatum).

- hash_metapage_info() returns a whole bunch of columns, all of which
are unsigned quantities, except for hashm_ntuples, which is a double.
With the attached patch, all of those unsigned quantities get promoted
to the next larger signed type at the SQL level (uint32 -> int8,
uint16 -> int4); exceptionally, hashm_procid is reported as an OID,
since it is.

In short, this patch makes hashfuncs.c consistent about (1) using the
next wider signed type to report unsigned values and (2) using the
GetDatum macro that matches the SQL return type in width and
signedness.  Objections?

Robert Haas
EnterpriseDB: http://www.enterprisedb.com
The Enterprise PostgreSQL Company

Attachment: pageinspect-more-hash-fixes.patch
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