On Wed, 11 Jun 2014 08:28:43 -0700, Rustom Mody wrote:
> Steven D'Aprano wrote:
>> Not the point. There's a minimum amount of energy required to flip a
>> bit. Everything beyond that is, in a sense, just wasted. You mentioned
>> this yourself in your previous post. It's a *really* tiny amount of
>> energy: about 17 meV at room temperature. That's 17 milli
>> electron-volt, or 2.7×10^-21 joules. In comparison, Intel CMOS
>> transistors have a gate charging energy of about 62500 eV (1×10^-14 J),
>> around 3.7 million times greater.
>> Broadly speaking, if the fundamental thermodynamic minimum amount of
>> energy needed to flip a bit takes the equivalent of a single grain of
>> white rice, then our current computing technology uses the equivalent
>> of 175 Big Macs.
> Well thats in the same realm as saying that by E=mc² a one gram stone
> can yield 21 billion calories energy.
> ie. from a a pragmatic/engineering pov we know as much how to use
> Einstein's energy-mass-equivalence to generate energy as we know how to
> use Landauer's principle to optimally flip bits.
You know, I think that the people of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and Chernobyl
and Fukushima (to mention only a few places) might disagree.
We know *much more* about generating energy from E = mc^2 than we know
about optimally flipping bits: our nuclear reactions convert something of
the order of 0.1% of their fuel to energy, that is, to get a certain
yield, we "merely" have to supply about a thousand times more fuel than
we theoretically needed. That's about a thousand times better than the
efficiency of current bit-flipping technology.
We build great big clanking mechanical devices out of lumps of steel that
reach 25% - 50% of the theoretical maximum efficiency:
while our computational technology is something of the order of 0.00001%
efficient. I'm just pointing out that our computational technology uses
over a million times more energy than the theoretical minimum, and
therefore there is a lot of room for efficiency gains without sacrificing
computer power. I never imagined that such viewpoint would turn out to be