Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-29 Thread Bao Nguyen
Hi all,

Thank you very much for your support.

I will try to fix the cycle.

Brs,

On Mon, Nov 27, 2017 at 4:11 PM, Reindl Harald 
wrote:

>
>
> Am 27.11.2017 um 05:23 schrieb Bao Nguyen:
>
>> Thanks all for your comments. I will try to use option FreeBind. However
>> could anyone explain for me that I did not use FreeBind option in
>> systems-210 but all my services start well? I am still inclined to the
>> different of systemd-228 and systemd-210 causes the current issue.
>>
>
> beause your configuration was undefined behavior and never made any sense
> when there are dependency loops and similar problems - systemd does and did
> the best not throw you to the mergency console and boot the system somehow,
> pointed out errors and now it's time to fi them
>
> IMHO it would be justified not to boot at all if there is as example a
> unit which has itself in After/Before/Requires as example when someone
> don't read his systemlogs after change units and "systemctl daemon-reload"
> :-)
>
>
> On Sun, Nov 26, 2017 at 4:53 PM, Reindl Harald > > wrote:
>>
>>
>>
>> Am 26.11.2017 um 10:47 schrieb Bao Nguyen:
>>
>> Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on
>> "My-sshd.target", I think that in my case it is expected as my
>> socket listens on a specific address IP:port so it should start
>> after a network service to configure and assign IP address
>> before my socket runs
>>
>>
>> nonsense - the whole point of socket activation is to have sockets
>> listening before other stuff is up and running
>>
>> https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.socket.html
>> > >
>> If an IP address is used here, it is often desirable to listen on it
>> before the interface it is configured on is up and running, and even
>> regardless of whether it will be up and running at any point. To
>> deal with this, it is recommended to set the FreeBind= option
>> described below
>>
>> FreeBind=
>> Takes a boolean value. Controls whether the socket can be bound to
>> non-local IP addresses. This is useful to configure sockets
>> listening on specific IP addresses before those IP addresses are
>> successfully configured on a network interface. This sets the
>> IP_FREEBIND socket option. For robustness reasons it is recommended
>> to use this option whenever you bind a socket to a specific IP
>> address. Defaults to false.
>>
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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-27 Thread Reindl Harald



Am 27.11.2017 um 05:23 schrieb Bao Nguyen:
Thanks all for your comments. I will try to use option FreeBind. However 
could anyone explain for me that I did not use FreeBind option in 
systems-210 but all my services start well? I am still inclined to the 
different of systemd-228 and systemd-210 causes the current issue.


beause your configuration was undefined behavior and never made any 
sense when there are dependency loops and similar problems - systemd 
does and did the best not throw you to the mergency console and boot the 
system somehow, pointed out errors and now it's time to fi them


IMHO it would be justified not to boot at all if there is as example a 
unit which has itself in After/Before/Requires as example when someone 
don't read his systemlogs after change units and "systemctl 
daemon-reload" :-)


On Sun, Nov 26, 2017 at 4:53 PM, Reindl Harald > wrote:




Am 26.11.2017 um 10:47 schrieb Bao Nguyen:

Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on
"My-sshd.target", I think that in my case it is expected as my
socket listens on a specific address IP:port so it should start
after a network service to configure and assign IP address
before my socket runs


nonsense - the whole point of socket activation is to have sockets
listening before other stuff is up and running

https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.socket.html

If an IP address is used here, it is often desirable to listen on it
before the interface it is configured on is up and running, and even
regardless of whether it will be up and running at any point. To
deal with this, it is recommended to set the FreeBind= option
described below

FreeBind=
Takes a boolean value. Controls whether the socket can be bound to
non-local IP addresses. This is useful to configure sockets
listening on specific IP addresses before those IP addresses are
successfully configured on a network interface. This sets the
IP_FREEBIND socket option. For robustness reasons it is recommended
to use this option whenever you bind a socket to a specific IP
address. Defaults to false.

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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-26 Thread Bao Nguyen
Hi,

Thanks all for your comments. I will try to use option FreeBind. However
could anyone explain for me that I did not use FreeBind option in
systems-210 but all my services start well? I am still inclined to the
different of systemd-228 and systemd-210 causes the current issue.

Thanks again,
Brs,
Bao



On Sun, Nov 26, 2017 at 4:53 PM, Reindl Harald 
wrote:

>
>
> Am 26.11.2017 um 10:47 schrieb Bao Nguyen:
>
>> Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on
>> "My-sshd.target", I think that in my case it is expected as my socket
>> listens on a specific address IP:port so it should start after a network
>> service to configure and assign IP address before my socket runs
>>
>
> nonsense - the whole point of socket activation is to have sockets
> listening before other stuff is up and running
>
> https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.socket.html
> If an IP address is used here, it is often desirable to listen on it
> before the interface it is configured on is up and running, and even
> regardless of whether it will be up and running at any point. To deal with
> this, it is recommended to set the FreeBind= option described below
>
> FreeBind=
> Takes a boolean value. Controls whether the socket can be bound to
> non-local IP addresses. This is useful to configure sockets listening on
> specific IP addresses before those IP addresses are successfully configured
> on a network interface. This sets the IP_FREEBIND socket option. For
> robustness reasons it is recommended to use this option whenever you bind a
> socket to a specific IP address. Defaults to false.
>
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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-26 Thread Mantas Mikul─Śnas
On Sun, Nov 26, 2017 at 11:47 AM, Bao Nguyen  wrote:

> Hi Uoti,
>
> Thanks a lot for your answer, I have checked the cycle. It is created by 
> sockets.target
> -> asi-My-5101.socket -> My-sshd.target -> My-syncd.service -> 
> My-nfs-client.service
> -> My-handling.service -> basic.target -> sockets.target. I do not see
> the same cycle in systemd-210 so I said that there is maybe a change in
> systemd-210 and sytemd-228 like building dependency tree and handling
> cycle. I can confirm there is no change in my scripts.
>

Could you please show the full (not paraphrased) dependencies that you
have? that is, [Unit] sections, *.wants/ contents, and such


>
> Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on
> "My-sshd.target", I think that in my case it is expected as my socket
> listens on a specific address IP:port so it should start after a network
> service to configure and assign IP address before my socket runs.
>

"My-sshd.target" does not sound like a network service.

In any case, just use FreeBind=true instead.

-- 
Mantas Mikul─Śnas 
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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-26 Thread Reindl Harald



Am 26.11.2017 um 10:47 schrieb Bao Nguyen:
Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on 
"My-sshd.target", I think that in my case it is expected as my socket 
listens on a specific address IP:port so it should start after a network 
service to configure and assign IP address before my socket runs


nonsense - the whole point of socket activation is to have sockets 
listening before other stuff is up and running


https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.socket.html
If an IP address is used here, it is often desirable to listen on it 
before the interface it is configured on is up and running, and even 
regardless of whether it will be up and running at any point. To deal 
with this, it is recommended to set the FreeBind= option described below


FreeBind=
Takes a boolean value. Controls whether the socket can be bound to 
non-local IP addresses. This is useful to configure sockets listening on 
specific IP addresses before those IP addresses are successfully 
configured on a network interface. This sets the IP_FREEBIND socket 
option. For robustness reasons it is recommended to use this option 
whenever you bind a socket to a specific IP address. Defaults to false.

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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-26 Thread Bao Nguyen
Hi Uoti,

Thanks a lot for your answer, I have checked the cycle. It is created
by sockets.target
-> asi-My-5101.socket -> My-sshd.target -> My-syncd.service ->
My-nfs-client.service
-> My-handling.service -> basic.target -> sockets.target. I do not see the
same cycle in systemd-210 so I said that there is maybe a change in
systemd-210 and sytemd-228 like building dependency tree and handling
cycle. I can confirm there is no change in my scripts.

Regard to your question, "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on "My-sshd.target",
I think that in my case it is expected as my socket listens on a specific
address IP:port so it should start after a network service to configure and
assign IP address before my socket runs.

Could you please help me if it is due to the fault in sytemd-228 or I have
to adapt my script to overcome this issue? I tried to
add DefaultDependencies=no in my asi-My-5101.socket, the problem go away
(because sometimes I see it said the cycle created in basic.target, the
behavior is really strange in systemd-228).

Thanks,
Brs,
Bao

On Sat, Nov 25, 2017 at 9:44 PM, Uoti Urpala 
wrote:

> On Sat, 2017-11-25 at 12:08 +0700, Bao Nguyen wrote:
> > [   41.154231] systemd[1]: nss-lookup.target: Dependency
> Before=nss-lookup.target dropped
> > [   41.297229] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found ordering cycle on
> sockets.target/start
> > [   41.297236] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
> asi-My-5101.socket/start
> > [   41.297239] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
> My-sshd.target/start
> > [   41.297241] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
> My-syncd.service/start
> > [   41.297244] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
> My-nfs-client.service/start
> > [   41.297246] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
> My-handling.service/start
>
>
> > My question is if there are any significant different about building
> tree dependency and handling cycle dependency between systemd-210 and
> systemd-228 that can lead to my current situation? I have checked the
> change log, source code but not found any useful info
>
> Rather than start by trying to find differences between systemd
> versions, I suggest you first find out exactly what goes wrong under
> the newer systemd version. Exactly which dependency is wrong and
> shouldn't be there? Where does that dependency come from? A system
> where ordering dependencies form a cycle is not valid, so some
> dependency explicitly listed in your unit files or implicitly added by
> systemd must be wrong. After finding that out, you can then try to find
> out what differs under the older systemd if it's still relevant.
>
> In the above log, the most suspicious part is that it seems to say
> "asi-My-5101.socket" depends on "My-sshd.target". A socket unit almost
> certainly shouldn't have such dependencies, as normally a listening
> socket can be opened regardless of the state of the rest of the system
> (the main exception I can think of would be a UNIX socket at a
> filesystem path that requires mounting something, but normally you
> wouldn't do that...).
>
>
> > And what does the message "nss-lookup.target: Dependency
> Before=nss-lookup.target dropped" mean? I do not see it in systemd-210.
>
> Apparently the target had a dependency saying that it should be started
> before itself, and such a blatantly impossible dependency was ignored.
>
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Re: [systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-25 Thread Uoti Urpala
On Sat, 2017-11-25 at 12:08 +0700, Bao Nguyen wrote:
> [   41.154231] systemd[1]: nss-lookup.target: Dependency 
> Before=nss-lookup.target dropped
> [   41.297229] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found ordering cycle on 
> sockets.target/start
> [   41.297236] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on 
> asi-My-5101.socket/start
> [   41.297239] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on 
> My-sshd.target/start
> [   41.297241] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on 
> My-syncd.service/start
> [   41.297244] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on 
> My-nfs-client.service/start
> [   41.297246] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on 
> My-handling.service/start


> My question is if there are any significant different about building tree 
> dependency and handling cycle dependency between systemd-210 and systemd-228 
> that can lead to my current situation? I have checked the change log, source 
> code but not found any useful info

Rather than start by trying to find differences between systemd
versions, I suggest you first find out exactly what goes wrong under
the newer systemd version. Exactly which dependency is wrong and
shouldn't be there? Where does that dependency come from? A system
where ordering dependencies form a cycle is not valid, so some
dependency explicitly listed in your unit files or implicitly added by
systemd must be wrong. After finding that out, you can then try to find
out what differs under the older systemd if it's still relevant.

In the above log, the most suspicious part is that it seems to say
"asi-My-5101.socket" depends on "My-sshd.target". A socket unit almost
certainly shouldn't have such dependencies, as normally a listening
socket can be opened regardless of the state of the rest of the system
(the main exception I can think of would be a UNIX socket at a
filesystem path that requires mounting something, but normally you
wouldn't do that...).


> And what does the message "nss-lookup.target: Dependency 
> Before=nss-lookup.target dropped" mean? I do not see it in systemd-210.

Apparently the target had a dependency saying that it should be started
before itself, and such a blatantly impossible dependency was ignored.

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[systemd-devel] Question about service dependency handling in systemd-228

2017-11-24 Thread Bao Nguyen
Hello everyone,

I would like to have a question regarding to the building dependency and
cycle dependency handling on systemd-228. In my system, I have some socket
and service files, it has a cycle on socket target, when I run on
system-228, systemd-228 throws

[   40.358582] systemd[1]: Set hostname to .
[   41.154231] systemd[1]: nss-lookup.target: Dependency
Before=nss-lookup.target dropped
[   41.297229] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found ordering cycle on
sockets.target/start
[   41.297236] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
asi-My-5101.socket/start
[   41.297239] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
My-sshd.target/start
[   41.297241] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
My-syncd.service/start
[   41.297244] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
My-nfs-client.service/start
[   41.297246] systemd[1]: sockets.target: Found dependency on
My-handling.service/start
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5101
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5010
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5111
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping asi-vsftpd-MyIO_2.socket
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5110
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5002
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5100
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping Remo...ell Facilities Activation
Socket
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My Telnet Server Socket on port 5011
[ SKIP ] Ordering cycle found, skipping My sshd target


It said that there is an ordering on the sockets.target, then break the
cycle and SKIP randomly starting other service => the system cannot start.
However I did not meet the same issue on systemd-210 with the same my
services and sockets. Systemd-210 does not break and skip, and my system
can start well.

My question is if there are any significant different about building tree
dependency and handling cycle dependency between systemd-210 and
systemd-228 that can lead to my current situation? I have checked the
change log, source code but not found any useful info

And what does the message "nss-lookup.target: Dependency
Before=nss-lookup.target dropped" mean? I do not see it in systemd-210.

Many thanks for your support,
Best regards,
Naru
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