Hi Johnie,

Could you shed some light on this subject for me. In american TV show the credits seem to go on for about 7 to 8 minutes into the show, sometimes even past the first commercial break, is this due to crediting by laws or space on the final crawl issues? I have always wanted to know why, even parodied them, it seems that sometimes the credits are in twice, once at the start and once at the end.


On 3 Jan 2006, at 09:34, johnie tidwell wrote:

Hi Stephanie,
I can only tell you how the terminology is used with some of the people I have worked with...I think it may vary a little in different mediums/industries. 
Opening credits is the standard term in reference to the credit listing of actors and above the line (producers, director, writers, music by credits) which is usually followed by the "Title" of the movie.  An "opening title sequence" is another term that is used to describe your example... the title & opening credits is sometimes labeled as an Opening title sequence.  The Title sequence is more appropriate term if the is a lot of motion design graphics or animation interwoven with your credits...like most of your Hollywood films.
End credits or end crawl (the rolling credits at the end of the tv show or movie) is at the end of the short film or animation.
Not to sure about the logo at the end of the commercial/tv shows..but I have heard the term ID bumper, ID and tag used on many occasions...depends in what industry you are working in.
Intros and outros are terms more specfic to broadcast news or tv entertainment news show --where a talent does voice over or appears on-camera before and after the video.  In this case the on-camera talent introduces the segment at the beginning of the video segment and closes on-camera the segment at the end.
Johnie Tidwell Jr.
"Animated Lifestyle in a Cartoon Culture"
cartoonmogul.com entertainment

Stephanie Bryant <[EMAIL PROTECTED]> wrote:
It's kind of a weird question but:

When you have a title at the front of the movie, it's a title, or
opening credits, right? Is it also called an intro? (an example might
be Josh Leo's opening animation-with-sound at the beginning of his

When you have a short video or animation at the end of the post,
what's it called? What about when doesn't have credits in it? (an
example of this might be the beer/CC logo sequence at the end of my
vlog posts, or-- more commercially-- the "Grr Arg" from Mutant Enemy
at the end of Joss Whedon TV shows) Is that a closing sequence? End
credits? End titles?

I've been calling them intros and outros, but I know the second one is
made-up, I'm just hoping it was made-up by someone industry-famous and
not just by my twisted little mind.

Thanks in advance for the help!


Stephanie Bryant
Vlog: http://mortaine.blogspot.com
Audioblog: http://bookramble.blogspot.com

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