From: Jed Rothwell ➢ Both Patterson and Mizuno reported heat from a mixture of Ni and Pd, which I assume can be ascribed to the Pd.
Why would you assume that Mizuno’s Clean Planet results can be ascribed to Pd? He clearly states the large area of nickel mesh is the fusion catalyst. About 20 grams of thin nickel wire was wound on a ceramic mandrel. This is over 100 meters of wire. The nickel wire can be sputtered or even manually rubbed with Pd which he believes is helpful but not required. You may have translated the report, and know of other information not include - but Mizuno seems to believe the large amount of nickel wire is the key when made more efficient with a coating. He says at the end “We believe other metals might be substituted for Pd on Ni, and they might perform better. Pt might be a good candidate..” Why would he say that if Pd was necessary? IOW there was a bit of Pd being used on the surface of the nickel as it increases the rate of nickel catalysis. He thinks it can be rubbed on. This is in keeping with Ahern’s EPRI (Arata) results where 5% Pd works better than pure Pd. There is a good case for the proposition that the best result can be had with nickel plus a surface coating of Pd or Pt. This could be called Mizuno’s ‘hero effort’ – 300 watt to kW range and it’s a pity that it has not been replicated. Of course one problem is that Clean Planet lost funding. I doubt that the results can in any way be ascribed to solely or mainly to Pd. Nevertheless the take-away is that anyone using Pd alone should try Ni wire with a thin coating of Pd. Ref: J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 25 (2017) 1–25 Observation of Excess Heat by Activated Metal and Deuterium Gas Tadahiko Mizuno Hydrogen Engineering Application and Development Company, Kita 12, Nishi 4, Kita-ku, Sapporo 001-0012, Japan Abstract Reports of heat-generating cold fusion reactions in the nickel–hydrogen system have been increasing. The reactions mainly involve nickel with other additive elements. The authors of these reports emphasized the importance of an extremely clean system in the electrolytic tests in which excess heat was generated. Therefore, we attempted to detect excess heat after reducing impurities to a minimum by cleaning the electrode carefully and then fabricating nanoparticles in situ in our test system, without ever exposing them to air. As a result, energy far exceeding input was continuously obtained. In the best results obtained thus far, the output thermal energy is double the input electrical energy, amounting to several hundred watts. The generated thermal energy follows an exponential temperature function. When the reactor temperature is 300◦C, the generated energy is 1 kW. An increase of the temperature is expected to greatly increase the output energy. We have recently improved the preparation of the electrode material. This enhanced reproducibility and increased excess heat. The new methods are described in the Appendix. ⃝c 2017 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN 2227-3123