In addition, these experiments show that hydrogen is not required to
produce the LENR reaction.

On Mon, Jun 18, 2018 at 1:18 PM, Axil Axil <janap...@gmail.com> wrote:

> 2016 Klimov, A., et al., *High-energetic Nano-cluster Plasmoid and its
> Soft X-ray Radiation.* J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci., 2016. *19*.
>
> This poster can be found in
>
> http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedr.pdf#page=153
>
> This experiment shows that the LENR reaction can occur in a plasma at
> 7000C. This experiment puts to rest any low energy electron based LENR
> causation.
>
> The same type of high energy environmental condition exists in the
> production of charged clusters as described by Ken Shoulders where metal is
> vaporized by a spark to produce the EVO. Also Proton 21 produces the LENR
> reaction by vaporizing copper.
>
> On Sun, Jun 17, 2018 at 12:42 PM, Jones Beene <jone...@pacbell.net> wrote:
>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> The interaction between the nuclear spin of hydrogen and a host metal
>> like palladium is sensitive to “physics beyond the standard model.”
>>
>>
>>
>> IOW – it is not well understood. However, it may be a good time to
>> assemble the main features of spin coupling which leads to facilitation of
>> fusion.
>>
>>
>>
>> In the article below, the authors present a variational approach and
>> calculate the constant J in the hydrogen molecule with controlled
>> numerical precision, using the adiabatic approximation. This study
>> supposedly improves the reliability of the NMR theory for searching new
>> physics in the spin-spin coupling. But it gets much harder to characterize
>> spin coupling with heavy metal hydrides.
>>
>>
>>
>> https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.083001
>>
>>
>>
>> The constant J (and J-coupling) is not known to be relevant to a high
>> energy reaction such as to facilitate nuclear fusion – but there must be
>> more than electron chemistry involved to overcome the Coulomb barrier. Some
>> isotopes however, have very high intrinsic nuclear spin and palladium has
>> one such isotope. The standard model would need to be altered in order to
>> find a way for spin coupling to overcome the Coulomb barrier – but that may
>> happen easily, especially in the context of deuterium which is the only
>> isotope with an overwhelming dipole bifurcation as it approaches a target
>> nucleus.  In addition to J-coupling we have Magic angles, a Nuclear
>> Overhauser effect and Magnetic moment to deal with.
>>
>>
>>
>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J-coupling
>>
>>
>>
>> There is a distinct likelihood that the active isotope of cold fusion in
>> a palladium lattice has been identified by the recent analysis by Biberian
>> of a P&F cathode from the French experiments - which produced a large
>> amount of thermal gain 20 years ago.
>>
>>
>>
>> This is the palladium-105 isotope which converts to silver-107. Aside
>> from that identification – the exact mechanism of the reaction is not
>> known, nor is it known if helium ash is produced in this transmutation, or
>> if it is – how much energy it represents. Nor is it certain that there is
>> only one type of fusion reaction in cold fusion. There could be another
>> distinct reaction, but as of now - the hard proof of transmutation only
>> exists for the high spin isotope – 105Pd.
>>
>>
>>
>> However, almost certainly this identification of the active isotope
>> serves to eliminate the hypothesis that the amount of helium produced
>> correlates exactly with an energy gain in the range of 24 MeV per fusion
>> reaction.
>>
>>
>>
>> At best, the gain would be less per fusion and the helium derives from
>> lithium-6 fusing with palladium 105… which seems unlikely to be the prime
>> reaction.
>>
>>
>>
>> More likely - for those who favor the “two step” methodology of
>> Mills/Holmlid etc. or the binuclear atom of Accomazi - the proposed route
>> is for UDD (or the di-deuterino or the binuclear atom) to approach the
>> 105Pd nucleus as a neutral species, from whence the spin coupling results
>> in additional range of strong force attraction so that we end up with a
>> transmuted nucleus - 107Ag as a result  plus a free deuteron, which can
>> thermalize without the high energy gamma via the intrinsic spin mechanism.
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>>
>
>

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