Tinu, can I FW to my chapter list (is also a closed list)?
*Béria Lima*
<http://wikimedia.pt/>(351) 925 171 484

*Imagine um mundo onde é dada a qualquer pessoa a possibilidade de ter
livre acesso ao somatório de todo o conhecimento humano. Ajude-nos a
construir esse sonho. <http://wikimedia.pt/Donativos>*

On 17 January 2012 04:08, CherianTinu Abraham <tinucher...@gmail.com> wrote:

> *The Indian Express : "Would Gandhi have been a Wikipedian?"*
> ( Article by Achal Prabhala)
> http://www.indianexpress.com/news/would-gandhi-have-been-a-wikipedian/900506/1
> http://www.indianexpress.com/news/would-gandhi-have-been-a-wikipedian/900506/0
> ( Single Page Version)
> *
> In 1941, a young Argentinian librarian who would soon go completely blind
> published a story about the futility of the “total” library. His
> inspiration was Kurd Lasswitz, a 19th century German philosopher and
> science-fiction pioneer, whose own idea of a “universal” library was a
> mathematical nightmare of frighteningly large but finite proportions. The
> writer was Jorge Luis Borges, and his story, The Library of Babel, (taking
> off from the mythical Tower of Babel, a place of linguistic dysfunction)
> spawned a minor publishing industry of its own. Borges’ library was not a
> happy place: its chronically overworked librarians were suicidal, thuggish
> cults periodically vandalised the books, people spent lifetimes searching
> for a catalogue without success, and — wondrous as it all was — no one
> expected to find anything useful there ever.
> Eighty years after it was written, Borges’ feverish fantasy is a
> cautionary tale for those who are tempted to take Internet-era fantasies at
> their word. When a Google executive was asked to describe the perfect
> search engine, he is reported to have said, “It would be like the mind of
> God.” Preposterous, yes; but also exciting. And anyone excited enough to
> adopt this as a mission statement would do well to have a cold shower, and
> heed Borges’ conclusion on the topic — “The library is unlimited and
> cyclical”.
> Happily, there are more human, and altogether more humble manifestations
> of the desire to learn and share and prosper. In ancient history, the
> pre-biblical city of Babylon was a working counterpoint to the biblical
> Tower of Babel; a bustling site where diverse crowds made good together. In
> the present day, we are no closer to knowing everything, but we have
> Wikipedia: a bustling website where diverse people from everywhere in the
> world create miracles. Wikipedia’s humility is the flip-side to its
> success, and it comes from wanting to be precisely the opposite of the
> total library: call it a perpetually partial library, if you will. No one
> who has spent even a minute contributing anything to it would dare assume
> that the job is done, the perspective complete, or the game won.
> Eleven years ago to this day, Jimmy Wales typed out “Hello world!” and
> Wikipedia was born. In 1989, Richard Stallman pioneered a form of copyright
> licensing for software that allowed programmers and users to do virtually
> anything they liked with it. This formed the basis for free and open source
> software, or FOSS. In 1995, Ward Cunningham used FOSS to build the
> underlying software for a novel form of collaboration — the “wiki”. By this
> time, the benefits of a generous copyright licence to software were
> apparent, and it was extended to mainstream culture — to words, sounds and
> images. Wikipedia was among the early exponents of this free culture
> experiment, quickly followed by sister projects of the Wikimedia
> Foundation: Wikimedia Commons, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks and more.
> Wikipedia’s collaborative system of knowledge has exceeded everyone’s
> wildest expectations. Today, it is the world’s fifth most visited website —
> and the sole non-profit upstart in the oligarchical fiefdom that is our
> online landscape. There are thriving communities of volunteers in countries
> like India and South Africa, among several other places, who are helping us
> discover that learning does not have to be a passive act, and that the
> value of generosity can be productive and revolutionary at once.
> Interestingly enough, it was about a hundred years ago that a young,
> idealistic lawyer set off on a similar journey. Affected by colonialism in
> his home, India, and faced with debilitating segregation laws in his
> adopted home, South Africa, he saw the productive and revolutionary
> potential in generous knowledge. Over a long sea journey from London to
> Cape Town, he wrote down his ideas on self-determination and independence.
> The young lawyer was, of course, Gandhi, and his book, Hind Swaraj, would
> go on to become the intellectual blueprint for the Indian freedom movement.
> The original was written in Gujarati in 1909. One year later, it was
> translated into English and published as Indian Home Rule. On the cover of
> the first edition of this English translation is a prominent, if unusual,
> copyright legend. It reads, “No Rights Reserved”.
> Now it can be told: Gandhi was a free knowledge activist. Consider what he
> was encouraging his readers to do. In short order, a person reading Indian
> Home Rule in 1910 would have been able to copy the book freely, distribute
> those copies widely, translate the book into other languages, and join the
> conversation as a participant and not merely as an observer. I know of
> Gandhi’s radical copyright intentions because I’ve seen an image of the
> cover of this rare first edition, even though it is mostly unavailable in
> museums and archives. Uma Dhupelia-Mesthrie and Isabel Hofmeyr, two South
> African scholars, photographed the book and generously shared it with the
> world. And how did they do that? By putting it on Wikimedia Commons, where
> anyone can use it, in any form, for all time — exactly as Gandhi intended.
> Indeed, the universe is cyclical. Gandhi would have been a Wikipedian.
> Prabhala is a Bangalore-based researcher and writer, and serves on the
> advisory board of the Wikimedia Foundation *
> Regards
> Tinu Cherian
> pr...@wikimedia.in
> http://wiki.wikimedia.in/In_the_news
> Important Note : The publisher ( The Indian Express ) of the above news
> article owns the copyrights of the article / content. Request to kindly not
> reproduce or circulate the content further. The information is only shared
> only with an internal community who have been featured on this article.
> All copyrights are duly acknowledged.
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