I Nephi 13 says that the brass plates were *not* the same as what we would call the OT, actually. Furthermore, it says that the G&BC in the days following Christ removed plain and precious parts from the *Gospel*, not the Pentateuch. By the time we get to verse 29 it does also include the OT, but it merely says that the G&BC would take away plain and precious parts, it doesn't say that what they had up to that point was pristine, or the brass plates would not have been a superset of the OT (see verse 23). I Nephi 14 further explains that Nephi was forbidden to write certain things -- including, e.g., the Apocalypse of John (Revelation). I would point to things like the Johannine Comma as an example of verse 28. That doesn't preclude earlier changes.
Did Moses also write the part about his own burial? Did he also contradict himself on the number of animals taken aboard the ark? I realize that some brethren have assumed that Moses was the literal author of the Pentateuch, but that is not necessarily doctrine. For instance, in this last January's Ensign, in an article called "Enjoying the Old Testament," we read, "1. The books of Genesis through Deuteronomy are historical books, sometimes called “the law.” They are also called the “five books of Moses” because Moses wrote or spoke much of what is in them. These books tell us of the history of the earth as the Lord revealed it to Moses. Genesis begins with the Creation of the world and Adam and Eve. Deuteronomy finishes at the end of Moses’ life." Note that it leaves the door open by saying "Moses wrote OR spoke MUCH OF WHAT IS IN THEM". Also, the Josian Reform occurred 20 years *before* Lehi left Jerusalem. Here, for those who have interest in exploring the topic further, is what the EoM says under "Biblical Scholarship": Bible Scholarship Latter-day Saints recognize Bible scholarship and intellectual study of the biblical text. Joseph Smith and his associates studied Greek and Hebrew and taught that religious knowledge is to be obtained by study as well as by faith (D&C 88:118). However, Latter-day Saints prefer to use Bible scholarship rather than be driven or controlled by it. The Prophet Joseph Smith suggested certain broad parameters for any LDS critical study of the Bible: "We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly; we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God" (A of F 8). Because Latter-day Saints prefer prophets to scholars as spiritual guides, and the inspiration of scripture and the Holy Ghost to the reasoning of secondary texts, Bible scholarship plays a smaller role in LDS spirituality than it does in some denominations. A fundamental operating principle of "revealed" religions is that all truth cannot be completely discovered through human reason alone. Without God's aid, no one can obtain the vital data, proper perspectives, and interpretive keys for knowing him (see -->Reason and Revelation). Because Latter-day Saints believe that their religion is revealed through living prophets of God, they subordinate human reason to revealed truth.In this latter connection, Latter-day Saints show some affinities with contemporary conservative Roman Catholic and evangelical Bible scholarship. They accept and use most objective results of Bible scholarship, such as linguistics, history, and archaeology, while rejecting many of the discipline's naturalistic assumptions and its more subjective methods and theories. In those instances where Bible scholarship and revealed religion conflict, Latter-day Saints hold to interpretations of the Bible that appear in the other LDS scriptures and in the teachings of latter-day prophets. These observations suggest three basic operating principles for Bible scholarship among Latter-day Saints: 1. Approaches to the Bible must accept divine inspiration and revelation in the original biblical text: it presents the word of God and is not a merely human production. Therefore, any critical methodology that implicitly or explicitly ignores or denies the significant involvement of God in the biblical text is rejected. With minor exceptions, such as the Song of Solomon, which Joseph Smith judged not to be inspired (cf. IE 18 [Mar. 1915]:389), the text is not to be treated in an ultimately naturalistic manner. God's participation is seen to be significant both in the events themselves and in the process of their being recorded. His activity is thus one of the effects to be reckoned with in interpreting the events and in understanding the texts that record them. 2. Despite divine inspiration, the biblical text is not uninfluenced by human language and not immune to negative influences from its human environment, and there is no guarantee that the revelations given to ancient prophets have been perfectly preserved (cf. 1 Ne. 13:20-27). Thus, critical study of the Bible is warranted to help allow for, and suggest corrections of, human errors of formulation, transmission, translation, and interpretation of the ancient records. 3. Such critical scholarship, in addition to recognizing the divine origins of the Bible, must in its conclusions take account of the teachings of the Book of Mormon and the other revelations to modern prophets included in the Doctrine and Covenants and the Pearl of Great Price, since for Latter-day Saints such sources not only have priority over revelations recorded in antiquity (cf. D&C 5:10) but also aid in interpreting the biblical text.Latter-day Saints insist on objective hermeneutics, that is, they maintain that the biblical text has a specific, objective meaning and that the intent of the original author is both important and largely recoverable. For this reason, LDS scholars, like other conservatives, have tended toward the more objective tools of Bible scholarship, such as linguistics, history, and archaeology-recognizing that these tools themselves have to be evaluated critically-and have generally avoided the more subjective methods of literary criticism. The most influential LDS Bible commentators include James E. Talmage, Bruce R. McConkie, Sidney B. Sperry, and Hugh W. Nibley, though Talmage's work was completed prior to many important discoveries, and McConkie's work is concerned less with critical exegesis than with understanding the New Testament within the overall body of LDS doctrine. BibliographyAnderson, Richard L. Understanding Paul. Salt Lake City, 1983.McConkie, Bruce R. Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3 vols. Salt Lake City, 1965-1973.Nibley, Hugh W. Collected Works of Hugh Nibley. Salt Lake City, 1986-.Sperry, Sidney B. Paul's Life and Letters. Salt Lake City, 1955.Sperry, Sidney B. The Voice of Israel's Prophets. Salt Lake City, 1961.Sperry, Sidney B. The Spirit of the Old Testament. Salt Lake City, 1970.Talmage, James E. Jesus the Christ. Salt Lake City, 1915.STEPHEN E. ROBINSON ========= The EoM is also careful not to identify the brass plates with the Pentateuch or the OT as we know them: Old Testament The Old Testament is one of the standard works, or scriptures, accepted by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which values it for its prophetic, historical, doctrinal, and moral teachings. The Old Testament recounts an epochal series of ancient dispensations during which people received periodic guidance through divine covenants and commandments, many of which remain basic and timeless. ... In addition, from the Book of Mormon it is clear that before 600 B.C. the prophet Lehi and his colony carried to the Western Hemisphere from Jerusalem a record on the plates of brass that included many Old Testament texts (1 Ne. 5:10-15), leading Lehi and his descendants to look forward to a redeemer (1 Ne. 19:22-23) and giving them a guide for their moral and spiritual development (Mosiah 1:3, 5). "John W. Redelfs" wrote: > After much pondering, Marc A. Schindler favored us with: > >...one sees echoes of that ancient emnity in the NT). For us LDS this is a > >step backwards and in a way represents an excising of a "plain and > >precious truth." After all, as we'll > >all soon be learning about in GD.... > > The 13th chapter of 1 Nephi makes it clear that the "plain and precious > parts" that were removed from the scriptures were removed after the record > of the Jews went to the Gentiles thought the hands of the great and > abominable church of the devil. This would not include the various > corruptions that had already occurred in the Old Testament record. After > all, Moses wrote the whole Pentateuch himself. Not much room for > corruption in that part of the record any way. > > John W. Redelfs [EMAIL PROTECTED] > =========================================== > "Dad always thought laughter was the best medicine, > which I guess is why several of us died of tuberculosis." > --Jack Handy > =========================================== > All my opinions are tentative pending further data. --JWR > > ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// > /// ZION LIST CHARTER: Please read it at /// > /// http://www.zionsbest.com/charter.html /// > ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// > -- Marc A. Schindler Spruce Grove, Alberta, Canada -- Gateway to the Boreal Parkland “The first duty of a university is to teach wisdom, not a trade; character, not technicalities. We want a lot of engineers in the modern world, but we don’t want a world of engineers.” – Sir Winston Churchill (1950) Note: This communication represents the informal personal views of the author solely; its contents do not necessarily reflect those of the author’s employer, nor those of any organization with which the author may be associated. ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// /// ZION LIST CHARTER: Please read it at /// /// http://www.zionsbest.com/charter.html /// ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// ==^^=============================================================== This email was sent to: email@example.com EASY UNSUBSCRIBE click here: http://topica.com/u/?aaP9AU.bWix1n.YXJjaGl2 Or send an email to: [EMAIL PROTECTED] T O P I C A -- Register now to manage your mail! http://www.topica.com/partner/tag02/register ==^^===============================================================