On Thu, Nov 25, 2010 at 7:40 PM, Jason Resch <jasonre...@gmail.com> wrote:
> On Thu, Nov 25, 2010 at 3:38 PM, Rex Allen <rexallen31...@gmail.com> wrote:
>> But I also deny that mechanism can account for consciousness (except
>> by fiat declaration that it does).
> I am interested in your reasoning against mechanism. Assume there is were
> an] mechanical brain composed of mechanical neurons, that contained the same
> information as a human brain, and processed it in the same way.
I started out as a functionalist/computationalist/mechanist but
abandoned it - mainly because I don't think that "representation" will
do all that you're asking it to do.
For example, with mechanical or biological brains - while it seems
entirely reasonable to me that the contents of my conscious experience
can be represented by quarks and electrons arranged in particular
ways, and that by changing the structure of this arrangement over time
in the right way one could also represent how the contents of my
experience changes over time.
However, there is nothing in my conception of quarks or electrons (in
particle or wave form) nor in my conception of arrangements and
representation that would lead me to predict beforehand that such
arrangements would give rise to anything like experiences of pain or
anger or what it's like to see red.
The same goes for more abstract substrates, like bits of information.
What matters is not the bits, nor even the arrangements of bits per
se, but rather what is represented by the bits.
"Information" is just a catch-all term for "what is being
represented". But, as you say, the same information can be
represented in *many* different ways, and by many different
And, of course, any set of bits can be interpreted as representing any
information. You just need the right "one-time pad" to XOR with the
bits, and viola! The magic is all in the interpretation. None of it
is in the bits. And interpretation requires an interpreter.
SO...given that the bits are merely representations, it seems silly to
me to say that just because you have the bits, you *also* have the
thing they represent.
Just because you have the bits that represent my conscious experience,
doesn't mean that you have my conscious experience. Just because you
manipulate the bits in a way as to represent "me seeing a pink
elephant" doesn't mean that you've actually caused me, or any version
of me, to experience seeing a pink elephant.
All you've really done is had the experience of tweaking some bits and
then had the experience of thinking to yourself: "hee hee hee, I just
caused Rex to see a pink elephant..."
Even if you have used some physical system (like a computer) that can
be interpreted as executing an algorithm that manipulates bits that
can be interpreted as representing me reacting to seeing a pink
elephant ("Boy does he look surprised!"), this interpretation all
happens within your conscious experience and has nothing to do with my
Thinking that the "bit representation" captures my conscious
experience is like thinking that a photograph captures my soul.
Though, obviously this is as true of biological brains as of
computers. But so be it.
This is the line of thought that brought me to the idea that conscious
experience is fundamental and uncaused.
> behavior between these two brains is in all respects identical, since the
> mechanical neurons react identically to their biological counterparts.
> However for some unknown reason the computer has no inner life or conscious
I agree that if you assume that representation "invokes" conscious
experience, then the brain and the computer would both have to be
But I don't make that assumption.
So the problem becomes that once you open the door to the "multiple
realizability" of representations then we can never know anything
about our substrate.
You *think* that your brain is the cause of your conscious
experience...but as you say, a computer representation of you would
think the same thing, but would be wrong.
Given that there are an infinite number of ways that your information
could be represented, how likely is it that your experience really is
caused by a biological brain? Or even by a representation of a
biological brain? Why not some alternate algorithm that results in
the same *conscious* experiences, but with entirely different
*unconscious* elements? How could you notice the difference?
> Information can take many physical forms.
Information requires interpretation. The magic isn't in the bits.
The magic is in the interpreter.
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