On 1/19/2012 7:21 AM, Craig Weinberg wrote:
On Jan 19, 12:37 am, meekerdb<meeke...@verizon.net>  wrote:
On 1/18/2012 11:13 AM, Evgenii Rudnyi wrote:









On 18.01.2012 18:47 John Clark said the following:
On Sun, Jan 15, 2012 at 3:54 PM, Evgenii Rudnyi<use...@rudnyi.ru>
wrote:
" Some physicists say that information is related to the entropy"
That is incorrect, ALL physicists say that information is related to
entropy. There are quite a number of definitions of entropy, one I
like, although not as rigorous as some it does convey the basic idea:
entropy is a measure of the number of ways the microscopic structure
of something can be changed without changing the macroscopic
properties. Thus, the living human body has very low entropy because
there are relatively few changes that could be made in it without a
drastic change in macroscopic properties, like being dead; a bucket
of water has a much higher entropy because there are lots of ways you
could change the microscopic position of all those water molecules
and it would still look like a bucket of water; cool the water and
form ice and you have less entropy because the molecules line up into
a orderly lattice so there are fewer changes you could make. The
ultimate in high entropy objects is a Black Hole because whatever is
inside one on the outside any Black Hole can be completely described
with just 3 numbers, its mass, spin and electrical charge.
John K Clark
If you look around you may still find species of scientists who still are 
working with
classical thermodynamics (search for example for CALPHAD). Well, if you refer 
to them as
physicists or not, it is your choice. Anyway in experimental thermodynamics 
people
determine entropies, for example from CODATA tables
http://www.codata.org/resources/databases/key1.html
S ° (298.15 K)
J K-1 mol-1
Ag  cr  42.55 ą 0.20
Al  cr  28.30 ą 0.10
Do you mean that 1 mole of Ag has more information than 1 mole of Al at 298.15 
K?
Yes, it has more internal degrees of freedom so that it takes addition of more 
energy in
order to increase those we measure as temperature.
This suggests to me that a molecule of DNA belonging to a kangaroo
could have no more information than the same molecule with the primary
sequence scrambled into randomness or 'blanked out' with a single
repeating A-T base pair. That would seem to make this definition of
information the exact opposite of the colloquial meaning of the term.

That's because the colloquial meaning of the terms takes into account the environment and which form of information can be causally effective.

Brent

A blank hard drive could have more information as one full of billions
of documents if the platters were at a different temperatures?

Craig


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