That project was exemplified in Descartes' Meditations, and it laid
two demands on any account of knowledge and the means to knowledge,
demands that set the standard and defined the adequacy of any account.
There had been urgent reasons for making those demands but the reasons
were historical rather than philosophical and came from the
individualistic model of humanity that played such a pivotal role in
the era's project of eliminating feudalism's remnants in thought and
social institutions, and the project of justifying the conceptions and
arrangements that were replacing them. That story needs to be
elaborated, and will get some elaboration in the next chapter. What is
important here is that those demands have been accepted since without
serious critique or examination of alternatives.

The first of the demands, describable as a "democratic" or
"individualistic' one, was that a method be found that was available
to each separated individual to apply privately and severally in the
search for knowledge. The second, relating to the knowledge thus
found, was that the method would lead all who conscientiously applied
it to the same, objective and timeless true view of things.

CB: This point on "individualistic" method is a good one. This is how
I define positivism.

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