The payloads' name strings can be of arbitrary size (typically small
with an upper bound of XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE).
Current implementation of the list operation interface allows to copy
names in the XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE chunks regardless of its actual
size and enforces space allocation requirements on userland tools.

To unify and simplify the interface, handle the name strings of
arbitrary size by copying them in adhering chunks to the userland.
In order to let the userland allocate enough space for the incoming
data add an auxiliary interface xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes() that
provides the current number of payload entries and the total size of
all name strings. This is achieved by extending the sysctl list
interface with an extra fields: name_total_size.

The xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes() issues the livepatch sysctl list
operation with the nr field set to 0. In this mode the operation
returns the number of payload entries and calculates the total sizes
for all payloads' names.
When the sysctl operation is issued with a non-zero nr field (for
instance with a value obtained earlier with the prior call to the
xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes()) the new field name_total_size provides
the total size of actually copied data.

Extend the libxc to handle the name back-to-back data transfers.

The xen-livepatch tool is modified to start the list operation with a
call to the xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes() to obtain the actual number
of payloads as well as the necessary space for names.
The tool now always requests the actual number of entries and leaves
the preemption handling to the libxc routine. The libxc still returns
'done' and 'left' parameters with the same semantic allowing the tool
to detect anomalies and react to them. At the moment it is expected
that the tool receives the exact number of entires as requested.
The xen-livepatch tool has been also modified to handle the name
back-to-back transfers correctly.

Signed-off-by: Pawel Wieczorkiewicz <wipa...@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Andra-Irina Paraschiv <andra...@amazon.com>
Reviewed-by: Bjoern Doebel <doe...@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Martin Pohlack <mpohl...@amazon.de>
---
 tools/libxc/include/xenctrl.h |  49 ++++++++++++------
 tools/libxc/xc_misc.c         | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
 tools/misc/xen-livepatch.c    | 112 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 xen/common/livepatch.c        |  31 +++++++++---
 xen/include/public/sysctl.h   |  15 +++---
 5 files changed, 204 insertions(+), 103 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/libxc/include/xenctrl.h b/tools/libxc/include/xenctrl.h
index 725697c132..e0ebb586b6 100644
--- a/tools/libxc/include/xenctrl.h
+++ b/tools/libxc/include/xenctrl.h
@@ -2560,7 +2560,25 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
                      xen_livepatch_status_t *status);
 
 /*
- * The heart of this function is to get an array of xen_livepatch_status_t.
+ * Get a number of available payloads and get actual total size of
+ * the payloads' name array.
+ *
+ * This functions is typically executed first before the xc_livepatch_list()
+ * to obtain the sizes and correctly allocate all necessary data resources.
+ *
+ * The return value is zero if the hypercall completed successfully.
+ *
+ * If there was an error performing the sysctl operation, the return value
+ * will contain the hypercall error code value.
+ */
+int xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int *nr,
+                                uint64_t *name_total_size);
+
+/*
+ * The heart of this function is to get an array of the following objects:
+ *   - xen_livepatch_status_t: states and return codes of payloads
+ *   - name: names of payloads
+ *   - len: lengths of corresponding payloads' names
  *
  * However it is complex because it has to deal with the hypervisor
  * returning some of the requested data or data being stale
@@ -2571,21 +2589,20 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
  * 'left' are also updated with the number of entries filled out
  * and respectively the number of entries left to get from hypervisor.
  *
- * It is expected that the caller of this function will take the
- * 'left' and use the value for 'start'. This way we have an
- * cursor in the array. Note that the 'info','name', and 'len' will
- * be updated at the subsequent calls.
+ * It is expected that the caller of this function will first issue the
+ * xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes() in order to obtain total sizes of names
+ * as well as the current number of payload entries.
+ * The total sizes are required and supplied via the 'name_total_size'
+ * parameter.
  *
- * The 'max' is to be provided by the caller with the maximum
- * number of entries that 'info', 'name', and 'len' arrays can
- * be filled up with.
- *
- * Each entry in the 'name' array is expected to be of XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE
- * length.
+ * The 'max' is to be provided by the caller with the maximum number of
+ * entries that 'info', 'name', 'len' arrays can be filled up with.
  *
  * Each entry in the 'info' array is expected to be of xen_livepatch_status_t
  * structure size.
  *
+ * Each entry in the 'name' array may have an arbitrary size.
+ *
  * Each entry in the 'len' array is expected to be of uint32_t size.
  *
  * The return value is zero if the hypercall completed successfully.
@@ -2597,10 +2614,12 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
  * will contain the number of entries that had been succesfully
  * retrieved (if any).
  */
-int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int max, unsigned int start,
-                      xen_livepatch_status_t *info, char *name,
-                      uint32_t *len, unsigned int *done,
-                      unsigned int *left);
+int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, const unsigned int max,
+                      const unsigned int start,
+                      struct xen_livepatch_status *info,
+                      char *name, uint32_t *len,
+                      const uint64_t name_total_size,
+                      unsigned int *done, unsigned int *left);
 
 /*
  * The operations are asynchronous and the hypervisor may take a while
diff --git a/tools/libxc/xc_misc.c b/tools/libxc/xc_misc.c
index a8e9e7d1e2..d787f3f29f 100644
--- a/tools/libxc/xc_misc.c
+++ b/tools/libxc/xc_misc.c
@@ -662,7 +662,48 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
 }
 
 /*
- * The heart of this function is to get an array of xen_livepatch_status_t.
+ * Get a number of available payloads and get actual total size of
+ * the payloads' name array.
+ *
+ * This functions is typically executed first before the xc_livepatch_list()
+ * to obtain the sizes and correctly allocate all necessary data resources.
+ *
+ * The return value is zero if the hypercall completed successfully.
+ *
+ * If there was an error performing the sysctl operation, the return value
+ * will contain the hypercall error code value.
+ */
+int xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int *nr,
+                                uint64_t *name_total_size)
+{
+    DECLARE_SYSCTL;
+    int rc;
+
+    if ( !nr || !name_total_size )
+    {
+        errno = EINVAL;
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    memset(&sysctl, 0, sizeof(sysctl));
+    sysctl.cmd = XEN_SYSCTL_livepatch_op;
+    sysctl.u.livepatch.cmd = XEN_SYSCTL_LIVEPATCH_LIST;
+
+    rc = do_sysctl(xch, &sysctl);
+    if ( rc )
+        return rc;
+
+    *nr = sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.nr;
+    *name_total_size = sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.name_total_size;
+
+    return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The heart of this function is to get an array of the following objects:
+ *   - xen_livepatch_status_t: states and return codes of payloads
+ *   - name: names of payloads
+ *   - len: lengths of corresponding payloads' names
  *
  * However it is complex because it has to deal with the hypervisor
  * returning some of the requested data or data being stale
@@ -673,21 +714,20 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
  * 'left' are also updated with the number of entries filled out
  * and respectively the number of entries left to get from hypervisor.
  *
- * It is expected that the caller of this function will take the
- * 'left' and use the value for 'start'. This way we have an
- * cursor in the array. Note that the 'info','name', and 'len' will
- * be updated at the subsequent calls.
+ * It is expected that the caller of this function will first issue the
+ * xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes() in order to obtain total sizes of names
+ * as well as the current number of payload entries.
+ * The total sizes are required and supplied via the 'name_total_size'
+ * parameter.
  *
- * The 'max' is to be provided by the caller with the maximum
- * number of entries that 'info', 'name', and 'len' arrays can
- * be filled up with.
- *
- * Each entry in the 'name' array is expected to be of XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE
- * length.
+ * The 'max' is to be provided by the caller with the maximum number of
+ * entries that 'info', 'name', 'len' arrays can be filled up with.
  *
  * Each entry in the 'info' array is expected to be of xen_livepatch_status_t
  * structure size.
  *
+ * Each entry in the 'name' array may have an arbitrary size.
+ *
  * Each entry in the 'len' array is expected to be of uint32_t size.
  *
  * The return value is zero if the hypercall completed successfully.
@@ -699,11 +739,12 @@ int xc_livepatch_get(xc_interface *xch,
  * will contain the number of entries that had been succesfully
  * retrieved (if any).
  */
-int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int max, unsigned int start,
+int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, const unsigned int max,
+                      const unsigned int start,
                       struct xen_livepatch_status *info,
                       char *name, uint32_t *len,
-                      unsigned int *done,
-                      unsigned int *left)
+                      const uint64_t name_total_size,
+                      unsigned int *done, unsigned int *left)
 {
     int rc;
     DECLARE_SYSCTL;
@@ -714,27 +755,33 @@ int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int 
max, unsigned int start,
     uint32_t max_batch_sz, nr;
     uint32_t version = 0, retries = 0;
     uint32_t adjust = 0;
-    ssize_t sz;
+    off_t name_off = 0;
+    uint64_t name_sz;
 
-    if ( !max || !info || !name || !len )
+    if ( !max || !info || !name || !len || !done || !left )
     {
         errno = EINVAL;
         return -1;
     }
 
+    if ( name_total_size == 0 )
+    {
+        errno = ENOENT;
+        return -1;
+    }
+
+    memset(&sysctl, 0, sizeof(sysctl));
     sysctl.cmd = XEN_SYSCTL_livepatch_op;
     sysctl.u.livepatch.cmd = XEN_SYSCTL_LIVEPATCH_LIST;
-    sysctl.u.livepatch.pad = 0;
-    sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.version = 0;
     sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.idx = start;
-    sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.pad = 0;
 
     max_batch_sz = max;
-    /* Convience value. */
-    sz = sizeof(*name) * XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE;
+    name_sz = name_total_size;
     *done = 0;
     *left = 0;
     do {
+        uint64_t _name_sz;
+
         /*
          * The first time we go in this loop our 'max' may be bigger
          * than what the hypervisor is comfortable with - hence the first
@@ -754,11 +801,11 @@ int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int 
max, unsigned int start,
         sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.nr = nr;
         /* Fix the size (may vary between hypercalls). */
         HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(info, nr * sizeof(*info));
-        HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(name, nr * nr);
+        HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(name, name_sz);
         HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(len, nr * sizeof(*len));
         /* Move the pointer to proper offset into 'info'. */
         (HYPERCALL_BUFFER(info))->ubuf = info + *done;
-        (HYPERCALL_BUFFER(name))->ubuf = name + (sz * *done);
+        (HYPERCALL_BUFFER(name))->ubuf = name + name_off;
         (HYPERCALL_BUFFER(len))->ubuf = len + *done;
         /* Allocate memory. */
         rc = xc_hypercall_bounce_pre(xch, info);
@@ -827,14 +874,19 @@ int xc_livepatch_list(xc_interface *xch, unsigned int 
max, unsigned int start,
             break;
         }
         *left = sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.nr; /* Total remaining count. */
+        _name_sz = sysctl.u.livepatch.u.list.name_total_size; /* Total 
received name size. */
         /* Copy only up 'rc' of data' - we could add 'min(rc,nr) if desired. */
         HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(info, (rc * sizeof(*info)));
-        HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(name, (rc * sz));
+        HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(name, _name_sz);
         HYPERCALL_BOUNCE_SET_SIZE(len, (rc * sizeof(*len)));
         /* Bounce the data and free the bounce buffer. */
         xc_hypercall_bounce_post(xch, info);
         xc_hypercall_bounce_post(xch, name);
         xc_hypercall_bounce_post(xch, len);
+
+        name_sz -= _name_sz;
+        name_off += _name_sz;
+
         /* And update how many elements of info we have copied into. */
         *done += rc;
         /* Update idx. */
diff --git a/tools/misc/xen-livepatch.c b/tools/misc/xen-livepatch.c
index a37b2457ff..8ac3d567fc 100644
--- a/tools/misc/xen-livepatch.c
+++ b/tools/misc/xen-livepatch.c
@@ -64,14 +64,14 @@ static const char *state2str(unsigned int state)
     return names[state];
 }
 
-/* This value was choosen adhoc. It could be 42 too. */
-#define MAX_LEN 11
 static int list_func(int argc, char *argv[])
 {
-    unsigned int idx, done, left, i;
+    unsigned int nr, done, left, i;
     xen_livepatch_status_t *info = NULL;
     char *name = NULL;
     uint32_t *len = NULL;
+    uint64_t name_total_size;
+    off_t name_off;
     int rc = ENOMEM;
 
     if ( argc )
@@ -79,65 +79,73 @@ static int list_func(int argc, char *argv[])
         show_help();
         return -1;
     }
-    idx = left = 0;
-    info = malloc(sizeof(*info) * MAX_LEN);
-    if ( !info )
-        return rc;
-    name = malloc(sizeof(*name) * XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE * MAX_LEN);
-    if ( !name )
+    done = left = 0;
+
+    rc = xc_livepatch_list_get_sizes(xch, &nr, &name_total_size);
+    if ( rc )
     {
-        free(info);
+        rc = errno;
+        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to get list sizes.\n"
+                "Error %d: %s\n",
+                rc, strerror(rc));
         return rc;
     }
-    len = malloc(sizeof(*len) * MAX_LEN);
-    if ( !len ) {
-        free(name);
-        free(info);
+
+    if ( nr == 0 )
+    {
+        fprintf(stdout, "Nothing to list\n");
+        return 0;
+    }
+
+    info = malloc(nr * sizeof(*info));
+    if ( !info )
         return rc;
+
+    name = malloc(name_total_size * sizeof(*name));
+    if ( !name )
+        goto error_name;
+
+    len = malloc(nr * sizeof(*len));
+    if ( !len )
+        goto error_len;
+
+    memset(info, 'A', nr * sizeof(*info));
+    memset(name, 'B', name_total_size * sizeof(*name));
+    memset(len, 'C', nr * sizeof(*len));
+    name_off = 0;
+
+    rc = xc_livepatch_list(xch, nr, 0, info, name, len, name_total_size, 
&done, &left);
+    if ( rc || done != nr || left > 0)
+    {
+        rc = errno;
+        fprintf(stderr, "Failed to list %d/%d.\n"
+                "Error %d: %s\n",
+                left, nr, rc, strerror(rc));
+        goto error;
     }
 
-    do {
-        done = 0;
-        /* The memset is done to catch errors. */
-        memset(info, 'A', sizeof(*info) * MAX_LEN);
-        memset(name, 'B', sizeof(*name) * MAX_LEN * XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE);
-        memset(len, 'C', sizeof(*len) * MAX_LEN);
-        rc = xc_livepatch_list(xch, MAX_LEN, idx, info, name, len, &done, 
&left);
-        if ( rc )
-        {
-            rc = errno;
-            fprintf(stderr, "Failed to list %d/%d.\n"
-                            "Error %d: %s\n",
-                    idx, left, rc, strerror(rc));
-            break;
-        }
-        if ( !idx )
-            fprintf(stdout," ID                                     | status\n"
-                           
"----------------------------------------+------------\n");
+    fprintf(stdout," ID                                     | status\n"
+                   "----------------------------------------+------------\n");
 
-        for ( i = 0; i < done; i++ )
-        {
-            unsigned int j;
-            uint32_t sz;
-            char *str;
-
-            sz = len[i];
-            str = name + (i * XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE);
-            for ( j = sz; j < XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE; j++ )
-                str[j] = '\0';
-
-            printf("%-40s| %s", str, state2str(info[i].state));
-            if ( info[i].rc )
-                printf(" (%d, %s)\n", -info[i].rc, strerror(-info[i].rc));
-            else
-                puts("");
-        }
-        idx += done;
-    } while ( left );
+    for ( i = 0; i < done; i++ )
+    {
+        char *name_str = name + name_off;
+
+        printf("%-40.*s| %s", len[i], name_str, state2str(info[i].state));
+        if ( info[i].rc )
+            printf(" (%d, %s)\n", -info[i].rc, strerror(-info[i].rc));
+        else
+            puts("");
+
+        name_off += len[i];
+    }
 
+error:
+    free(len);
+error_len:
     free(name);
+error_name:
     free(info);
-    free(len);
     return rc;
 }
 #undef MAX_LEN
diff --git a/xen/common/livepatch.c b/xen/common/livepatch.c
index f88cf3bc73..f486cb3021 100644
--- a/xen/common/livepatch.c
+++ b/xen/common/livepatch.c
@@ -1163,7 +1163,6 @@ static int livepatch_list(struct 
xen_sysctl_livepatch_list *list)
 
     if ( list->nr &&
          (!guest_handle_okay(list->status, list->nr) ||
-          !guest_handle_okay(list->name, XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE * list->nr) ||
           !guest_handle_okay(list->len, list->nr)) )
         return -EINVAL;
 
@@ -1174,23 +1173,35 @@ static int livepatch_list(struct 
xen_sysctl_livepatch_list *list)
         return -EINVAL;
     }
 
+    list->name_total_size = 0;
     if ( list->nr )
     {
+        uint64_t name_offset = 0;
+
         list_for_each_entry( data, &payload_list, list )
         {
-            uint32_t len;
+            uint32_t name_len;
 
             if ( list->idx > i++ )
                 continue;
 
             status.state = data->state;
             status.rc = data->rc;
-            len = strlen(data->name) + 1;
+
+            name_len = strlen(data->name) + 1;
+            list->name_total_size += name_len;
+
+            if ( !guest_handle_subrange_okay(list->name, name_offset,
+                                             name_offset + name_len - 1) )
+            {
+                rc = -EINVAL;
+                break;
+            }
 
             /* N.B. 'idx' != 'i'. */
-            if ( __copy_to_guest_offset(list->name, idx * 
XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE,
-                                        data->name, len) ||
-                __copy_to_guest_offset(list->len, idx, &len, 1) ||
+            if ( __copy_to_guest_offset(list->name, name_offset,
+                                        data->name, name_len) ||
+                __copy_to_guest_offset(list->len, idx, &name_len, 1) ||
                 __copy_to_guest_offset(list->status, idx, &status, 1) )
             {
                 rc = -EFAULT;
@@ -1198,11 +1209,19 @@ static int livepatch_list(struct 
xen_sysctl_livepatch_list *list)
             }
 
             idx++;
+            name_offset += name_len;
 
             if ( (idx >= list->nr) || hypercall_preempt_check() )
                 break;
         }
     }
+    else
+    {
+        list_for_each_entry( data, &payload_list, list )
+        {
+            list->name_total_size += strlen(data->name) + 1;
+        }
+    }
     list->nr = payload_cnt - i; /* Remaining amount. */
     list->version = payload_version;
     spin_unlock(&payload_lock);
diff --git a/xen/include/public/sysctl.h b/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
index 335e193712..b86804b7a6 100644
--- a/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
+++ b/xen/include/public/sysctl.h
@@ -926,10 +926,11 @@ struct xen_sysctl_livepatch_get {
  *
  * If the hypercall returns an positive number, it is the number (up to `nr`)
  * of the payloads returned, along with `nr` updated with the number of 
remaining
- * payloads, `version` updated (it may be the same across hypercalls. If it
- * varies the data is stale and further calls could fail). The `status`,
- * `name`, and `len`' are updated at their designed index value (`idx`) with
- * the returned value of data.
+ * payloads, `version` updated (it may be the same across hypercalls. If it 
varies
+ * the data is stale and further calls could fail) and the name_total_size
+ * containing total size of transfered data for the array.
+ * The `status`, `name`, `len` are updated at their designed index value 
(`idx`)
+ * with the returned value of data.
  *
  * If the hypercall returns E2BIG the `nr` is too big and should be
  * lowered. The upper limit of `nr` is left to the implemention.
@@ -952,11 +953,13 @@ struct xen_sysctl_livepatch_list {
                                                amount of payloads and version.
                                                OUT: How many payloads left. */
     uint32_t pad;                           /* IN: Must be zero. */
+    uint64_t name_total_size;               /* OUT: Total size of all transfer 
names */
     XEN_GUEST_HANDLE_64(xen_livepatch_status_t) status;  /* OUT. Must have 
enough
                                                space allocate for nr of them. 
*/
     XEN_GUEST_HANDLE_64(char) name;         /* OUT: Array of names. Each member
-                                               MUST XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE in 
size.
-                                               Must have nr of them. */
+                                               may have an arbitrary length up 
to
+                                               XEN_LIVEPATCH_NAME_SIZE bytes. 
Must have
+                                               nr of them. */
     XEN_GUEST_HANDLE_64(uint32) len;        /* OUT: Array of lengths of name's.
                                                Must have nr of them. */
 };
-- 
2.16.5




Amazon Development Center Germany GmbH
Krausenstr. 38
10117 Berlin
Geschaeftsfuehrung: Christian Schlaeger, Ralf Herbrich
Eingetragen am Amtsgericht Charlottenburg unter HRB 149173 B
Sitz: Berlin
Ust-ID: DE 289 237 879




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