The complains I could imagine about this, (apart from being a very
specific use case) are the same complains I heard about op_expiry.
Namely, that in a reorg, the same tx, having been valid in a given
block could potentially become invalid in some other block mining it.
I guess in this case the situation is less likely in this case than
with op_expiry, but it is still possible.
Another complain I could imagine is this kind of forces the
implementation to break some existing encapsulations, but I guess
those are just implementation details not that relevant here.
I personally don't have strong feelings towards this proposal one way
or the other, I'm just imagining what other people may complain about.

On Thu, May 23, 2019 at 8:33 PM Tamas Blummer via bitcoin-dev
<> wrote:
> Difficulty change has profound impact on miner’s production thereby introduce 
> the biggest risk while considering an investment.
> Commodity markets offer futures and options to hedge risks on traditional 
> trading venues. Some might soon list difficulty futures.
> I think we could do much better than them natively within Bitcoin.
> A better solution could be a transaction that uses nLocktime denominated in 
> block height, such that it is valid after the difficulty adjusted block in 
> the future.
> A new OP_DIFFICULTY opcode would put onto stack the value of difficulty for 
> the block the transaction is included into.
> The output script may then decide comparing that value with a strike which 
> key can spend it.
> The input of the transaction would be a multi-sig escrow of those who entered 
> the bet.
> The winner would broadcast.
> Once signed by both the transaction would not carry any counterparty risk and 
> would not need an oracle to settle according to the bet.
> I plan to draft a BIP for this as I think this opcode would serve significant 
> economic interest of Bitcoin economy, and is compatible with Bitcoin’s aim 
> not to introduce 3rd party to do so.
> Do you see a fault in this proposal or want to contribute?
> Tamas Blummer
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