And this wasn’t “fracto-fusion” which has been disputed, nor was it the 
Farnsworth Fusor (1964) which was labeled as “warm fusion”  (ICE).

As we now know, LENR driven by a chemical reaction (combustion shock wave) was 
invented around 1980, probably in several places including the USA, for 
military uses. (tritium-free bomb trigger). 

In fairness to our friends from the North – it is time to acknowledge that LENR 
was invented, produced and well-document in Canada 35 years ago, well before it 
turned up in Utah. In fact, the Canucks  might not have been the first to do 
it, but so far as the online record is concerned, they have the belated honor 
of presenting the first report.

Problem was, the experimental work back then (during the depth of the Cold War 
with Russia) was for done for weapons research - and our Pentagon effectively 
silenced the similar work in the USA. Of course, filing a patent was out of the 
question. This work (due to its application as a bomb trigger) was and still is 
– a huge proliferation risk.

 A typewritten report available online is entitled “EXPLOSIVE-DRIVEN 
Glass at the University of Toronto, Institute for Aerospace. There is no doubt 
about the importance of this work, or the high quality of the experiment - but 
it is seldom mentioned and does not appear on the LENR-CANR library.

Google Scholar did publish the paper online some 30+ years later, but not many 
took notice of its significance. For one thing, this information upsets the 
common misperception that Pons and Fleischmann invented cold fusion. They did 
not, unless one wishes to redefine it in such a way that eliminates simple 
chemical reactions.

That credit, which is nothing less than the discovery of LENR (using any 
reasonable definition of “low energy”) - should  in a perfect world – be 
attributed to Glass and Sagie. However, other researchers whose work was 
squelched by the Pentagon are probably out there. You can track down the large 
file (42 megs)  through this link.

The University of Toronto (Aerospace) had at that time  a dedicated  
“explosive-driven-implosion facility” and it  was used by Glass et al  to 
produce stabIe, centered and focused hemispherical implosions to generate 
neutrons from D-D reactions using only the energy of combustion.  This was a 
CHEMICAL REACTION only. The reaction was actually simply the result of a  
self-generated shock wave from self-detonation of the pure deuterium gas in 

A high resolution scintillator-detection system measured the neutrons and 
y-rays resulting from the fusion of deuterium. “Several approaches were used to 
initiate fusion in deuterium.
The simplest and most direct proved to be in a stoichiometric mixture of 

QUTOE: “this is the only known work where fusion neutrons were produced by 
chemical energy in a direct manner.”  

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