On 25 Sep 2013, at 15:50, Telmo Menezes wrote:
On Mon, Sep 23, 2013 at 7:49 PM, Bruno Marchal <marc...@ulb.ac.be>
On 23 Sep 2013, at 12:41, Telmo Menezes wrote:
Thus your interest in near-death experiences?
Yes. And in all "extreme" altered state of consciousness. Those
cases provide key information.
Can this information be recovered?
A part of it, but it is experiential and not really communicable or
rationally justifiable. The wise searcher will remain mute on this, or
be precise that it gives only a report of an experience, or perhaps
suggests a (meta) theory in which such experience exists and are not
For example, is a NDE that did not result in death, was it really a
I would say no. But this is complex question, and the salvia
experience confused me on this topic.
In the NDE, people come back, but with salvia, locally, people does
not come back, only an approximative copy.
That's why i say that salvia is not an NDE, but a DE. That is why it
can be quite literally "life changing", and why I would not recommend
it to anybody.
For the feeler or observer there is no cul-de-sac (thanks to the "&
Dt" added to the Bp, by Gödel's completeness theorem (not
But the scientist part of him has cul-de-sac, perhaps the publish or
perish, that is the fact that proofs must be finite, before publication.
But it is hard to interpret all this literally. Caution.
We should *try* to avoid it, but we can't avoid it without loosing
The consistent machines face the dilemma between security and lack of
freedom-universality. With <>p = ~ ~p, here are equivalent way
<>t -> ~<>t
<>t -> <>  f
<>t ->  f
I don't understand how you arrive at this equivalence.
I use only the fact that (p -> q) is equivalent with (~q -> ~p) (the
contraposition rule, which is valid in classical propositional
the definition of <> p = ~ ~p. I use also that ~~p is equivalent
Note that p = ~~~~p = ~<> ~p. And,
~p = <> ~p
~<>p =  ~p
Like with the quantifier, a not (~) jumping above a modal sign
makes it into
a diamond, if it was a bo, and a box, if it was a diamond.
Starting from <>t -> ~<>t.
But where does <>t -> ~<>t come from?
<>t -> ~ <> t
is the same as
~ f -> ~ (~ f)
And that is .... the modal writing of Gödel's second incompleteness
theorem: if the false is not provable, then that fact (that the false
is not provable) is itself not provable.
Keep in mind that <>t (which I write also Dt) is the same as — f,
which is equivalent with "I am consistent", and Gödel's second theorem
asserts: If I am consistent then I cannot prove that I am consistent.
Note that the "I" is a third person I. (The first person "I" considers
his/her consistency trivial).
Contraposition gives ~~<>t -> ~<>t, and this
gives by above, <>t -> ~t, which gives
<>t -> f (as ~t = f, and ~f = t).
For the third one, starting from the first one again: <>t ->
contraposition <>t -> ~<>t , but ~<>t = ~t =  f.
Ok! Thanks Bruno. My only problem now is the above.
Tell me if you see that it was the modal version of Gödel's second
You might as an exercise show that it follows from Löb's theorem:
 ( p -> p) ->  p
Two hints: 1) "~p" is the same as "p -> f", 2) replace p by f.
Löb's formula *is* the main axiom of the modal logic G.
You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups
"Everything List" group.
To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email
To post to this group, send email to email@example.com.
Visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list.
For more options, visit https://groups.google.com/groups/opt_out.