I recently came across the work of Gotthard Gunther while at the archives of 
the Biological Computer Lab. at University of Illionois, formerly run by von 

Two papers of interest in english...

Most of his texts are in German but I am still researching:

Precursors – Biological Computing Lab

“M-valued Logic” – Gotthard Gunther

Proposal For a Basic Study of the Semantic and Syntactic Properties of 
Many-Valued and Morphogrammatic Systems of Logic. 1962

Morphogrammatic Logic 
“Logic which uses morphograms instead of values as basic operational units 
might be able to cope with the specific properties of self coding systems of 
mind-like or mental character.”

“The ultimate aim of the cybernetical systems-approach is to design computers 
as fully self-reflective systems. The theory of resolvable functions suggests 
that logical relations between individual values do not properly represent the 
complex characteristics of reflection…This indicates that in order to represent 
reflection we have to look for a different (and more complex) logical unit. 
This seems to be the morphogram.”

See also
http://vordenker.de/contribs.htm - under Gotthard Gunther

rudolf kaehr - special non two value logic:



Bill Seaman
Professor, Department of Art, Art History & Visual Studies
DUKE UNIVERSITY                                         
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Box 90764                                                       
Durham, NC 27708, USA                   

Paste into itunes (Advanced/open audio streams) for internet radio:

On Apr 12, 2012, at 8:25 PM, joe.bren...@bluewin.ch wrote:

> Dear Pedro,
> Thank you, Pedro, for bringing up the question of logics. My suggestion of a 
> Logic in Reality is to open the debate, rather than to claim it is the only 
> "over-arching logic" possible. Nevertheless, it would be useful for me and 
> perhaps others if you could make your critique more specific by pointing to 
> at least one logic that is used biologically that addresses the dynamics of 
> complex processes. So far, I have not identified any such logical system that 
> is more than a metaphorical use of the term "logic" or refers to some more or 
> less reproducible characteristics of such processes. Otherwise, logics seem 
> to me to refer only to abstracted linguistic aspects of processes that of 
> course follow classical propositional logic but equate to tautologies.
> Because Logic in Reality is grounded in physics, it is able to express 
> somewhat more about change, evolution, etc. than any logic of which I am 
> aware. I would be glad to learn of other candidates for this role.
> Thank you and best wishes,
> Joseph
> ----Ursprüngliche Nachricht----
> Von: pcmarijuan.i...@aragon.es
> Datum: 11.04.2012 10:44
> An: <fis@listas.unizar.es>
> Betreff: Re: [Fis] Physics of computing
> Dear John and colleagues,
> Nice to hear that you are OK after that dangerous intoxication --our best 
> wishes for your complete recovery! 
> About physical information I think that Landauer clarified the panorama, at 
> least concerning the relationship between information theory and 
> thermodynamics. According to his principle, any logically irreversible 
> transformation of classical information is necessarily accompanied by the 
> dissipation of at least k T ln(2) of heat per lost bit (about 3 x 10 exp -21 
> Joules at 300 K temperature), where obviously k is the Boltzmann constant and 
> T the temperature. Recently this principle has been verified experimentally 
> (Nature, 8 March 2012, p. 187). By the way, in his past message Loet enters 
> "Watts" in a similar expression (?). To insist, Entropy and Information are 
> dimensionless and do not explicitly incorporate any units... About the 
> quantum management of info theory, it is another matter, quite more tricky. 
> Beyond that immediate physicality, things get quite obscure as our 
> contradictory "meaning" messages witness. The point made by Joseph on an 
> overarching logic, is rather difficult to be maintained --at least in my 
> small province of the biological signaling pathways. Too many logics are used 
> biologically in too many different contexts or niches, either molecularly or 
> neuronally... I bet that they are not susceptible of integration in any 
> logical system.  Maybe Inbiosa parties would also disagree with me in this 
> regard.
> best wishes to all,
> ---Pedro
> John Collier escribió:
>> Folks,
>> I have been in the hospital for almost three weeks due to bleeding from 
>> warfarin. I had to have three blood transfusions and an operation. I am only 
>> now getting my strength back. Some of my comments, therefore, may be dated.
>> "Physical" has a variety of overlapping meanings (a Wittgensteinian family 
>> resemblence). For example Quine takes the physical to be anything accessible 
>> to the senses or inferences therefrom. Ladyman, Ross, Collier an Spurrett 
>> take the physical to be the most fundamental laws of our (part of) the 
>> universe. I did not agree with this, among some other crucial points, so I 
>> was not a primary author. Information is at least physical in both of these 
>> senses. Quine's approach might make it entirely physical. I prefer to relate 
>> it to the causal, which always has physical parametres, as far as we know. 
>> But there are many ways of approaching this issue, and disentangling them 
>> will be a major advance in foundations of information theory.
>> My Best,
>> John
>> Professor John Collier  
>> Philosophy, University of KwaZulu-Natal
>> Durban 4041 South Africa
>> T: +27 (31) 260 3248 / 260 2292
>> F: +27 (31) 260 3031
>> email: colli...@ukzn.ac.za>>> On 2012/03/16 at 01:19 PM, in message 
>> <4f6321c3.5000...@aragon.es>, "Pedro C. Marijuan" 
>> <pcmarijuan.i...@aragon.es> wrote:
>> Dear discussants,
>> I tend to disagree with the motto "information is physical" if taken too 
>> strictly. Obviously if we look "downwards" it is OK, but in the "upward" 
>> direction it is different. Info is not only physical then, and the dimension 
>> of self-construction along the realization of life cycle has to be entered. 
>> Then the signal, the info, has "content" and "meaning". Otherwise if we 
>> insist only in the physical downward dimension we have just conventional 
>> computing/ info processing. My opinion is that the notion of absence is 
>> crucial for advancing in the upward, but useless in the downward. 
>> By the way, I already wrote about info and the absence theme in a 1994 or 
>> 1995 paper in BioSystems...
>> best
>> ---Pedro
>> walter.riof...@terra.com.pe escribió:
>>> Thanks John and Kevin to update issues in information, computation, energy 
>>> and reality.
>>>  I would like point out to other articles more focused in how coherence and 
>>> entanglement are used by living systems (far from thermal equilibrium):
>>> Engel G.S., Calhoun T.R., Read E.L., Ahn T.K., Mancal T., Cheng Y.C., 
>>> Blankenship R.E., Fleming G.R. (2007) Evidence for wavelike energy transfer 
>>> through quantum coherence in photosynthetic systems. Nature, 446(7137): 
>>> 782-786.
>>> Collini E., Scholes G. (2009) Coherent intrachain energy in migration in a 
>>> conjugated polymer at room temperature.  Science, vol. 323 No. 5912 pp. 
>>> 369-373.
>>> Gauger E.M., Rieper E., Morton J.J.L., Benjamin S.C., Vedral V. (2011) 
>>> Sustained Quantum Coherence and Entanglement in the Avian Compass. Phys. 
>>> Rev. Lett., 106: 040503.
>>> Cia, J. et al, (2009)  Dynamic entanglement in oscillating molecules.  
>>> arXiv:0809.4906v1 [quant-ph]
>>> Sincerely,
>>> Walter
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> fis mailing list
>>> fis@listas.unizar.es
>>> https://webmail.unizar.es/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/fis
>> --
>> -------------------------------------------------
>> Pedro C. Marijuán
>> Grupo de Bioinformación / Bioinformation Group
>> Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud
>> Avda. Gómez Laguna, 25, Pl. 11ª
>> 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
>> Telf: 34 976 71 3526 (& 6818) Fax: 34 976 71 5554
>> pcmarijuan.i...@aragon.es
>> http://sites.google.com/site/pedrocmarijuan/
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> --
> -------------------------------------------------
> Pedro C. Marijuán
> Grupo de Bioinformación / Bioinformation Group
> Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud
> Avda. Gómez Laguna, 25, Pl. 11ª
> 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
> Telf: 34 976 71 3526 (& 6818) Fax: 34 976 71 5554
> pcmarijuan.i...@aragon.es
> http://sites.google.com/site/pedrocmarijuan/
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