Hi Stephen P. King 

Necessary truths can't be contingent, because contingent 
truths by definition are contingent on circumstances 
and so may not always be true. Scientific truth, or
any truth of this world, is such. 

Pierce taught that consensus or pragmatic truth is 
supreme. What people believe in their hearts, 
what they believe subjectively. What they experience now. 

Why is pragmatic truth supreme ? Even higher than
a necessary truth? 1 + 1 = 2, a statement, 
is a necessary truith, but the higher truth is to 
know that 1 +1 =2, to personally accept and believe that. 
If many agree, that is even better. 

If many, such as the Christian church, accept 
a truth such as "God created the world", you
might want to consider it. But it is only true
if you pragmatically accept it as true. Lutherans
call that acceptance "faith".

There are many forms of truth-- necessary and contingent
truths, subjective and objective truths, truths by
correspondence, or through coherency, pragmatic
truth, eye witness truth, and so forth. In the end, one accepts
the truth he has the most faith in. So faith
again rules. 

Roger Clough, rclo...@verizon.net 
"Forever is a long time, especially near the end." -Woody Allen 

----- Receiving the following content ----- 
From: Stephen P. King 
Receiver: everything-list 
Time: 2012-11-03, 13:31:14 
Subject: Re: Emergence of Properties 

On 11/3/2012 8:57 AM, Roger Clough wrote: 

The properties of spacetime things are what can be measured (ie facts). 
The properties of beyond spacetime things are propositions that can't be 
contradicted (necessary truths). 

Hi Roger, 

    I do not assume that the "can't be contradicted" is an a priori fixed 
apartheid on truths. I define necessary truths to be contingent on many minds 
in agreement. 



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