Perhaps I am wrong, but I have a problem with the concept of artificial 
intelligence and hence artificial life-- at least according to my 
understanding of what intelligence is.

As I see it, intelligence is the ability to make choices completely on 
one's own. Autonomously.  

Thus intelligence is simply self-determination of some issue. By 
self-determination I don't
mean free will, athough that might be a possibility.The "self" could use 
in memory, (including current perceptions or awareness) or even anything 
ever thought of.  Darwin tells us that 
such choices must be mostly appropriate choices, but sometimes they might  
occur mistakenly, 
sometimes irrationally, or deceptively.  That is, to lie, deception being 
quite common in nature.

But a computer program can only make choices that the programmer previously 
So in effect the choices are made by the computer programmer, The 
programmer is
the puppet master.. But such a programmed "robot" cannot be conscious, for 
is no self to be aware. There is only the presence of electrical signals, 
are objective, but no subjectivity.

Thus one might "simulate" life, but one can never create life in a 

Materialism has the same fatal defect, for it is completely objective,
and so cannot have a self, which is subjective, to be aware.

On Sunday, July 22, 2012 11:52:18 AM UTC-4, Stephen Paul King wrote:
> This is great news for Bruno! ;-) 
>         I was interested in the computational complexity factor involved. 
> -- 
> Onward! 
> Stephen 
> "Nature, to be commanded, must be obeyed." 
> ~ Francis Bacon 

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