For me, the critical issue for accounting for everything under a single 
reality theory is what I call the Presentation Problem. In simple terms, 
there is no logical reason for the logical universe to produce shapes, 
colors, flavors, or feelings of any kind when we already know that 
information processing can occur using only quantitatively formatted 
signals. I include under the Presentation Problem five well known or easily 
observed issues:

*1. Hard Problem* = Why is X presented as an experience?

(X = “information”, logical or physical functions, calcium waves, action 
potentials, Bayesian integrations, etc.)

*2. Explanatory Gap* = How and where is presentation accomplished with 
respect to X?

*3. Binding Problem* = How are presented experiences segregated and 
combined with each other? How do presentations *cohere*?

*4. Symbol Grounding* = How are experiences associated with each other on 
multiple levels of presentation? How do presentations *adhere*?

*5. Mind Body Problem* = Why do public facing presences and private facing 
presences seem ontologically exclusive and aesthetically opposite to each 

Without tying all of these together in a plausible way, I don't see 
anything to recommend computation over physics or mythology or any other 
creation schema that can be supported.


On Friday, December 20, 2013 6:52:54 PM UTC-5, Edgar L. Owen wrote:
> All,
> The fundamental nature of reality is examined in detail in my recent book 
> on Reality available on Amazon under my name.
> Marchal is on the right track, but reality consists not just of numbers 
> (math) but is a running logical structure analogous to software that 
> continually computes the current state of the universe. Just as software 
> includes but doesn't consist only of numbers and math, so does reality. In 
> fact the equations of physical science make sense only when embedded in a 
> logical structure just as is the case in computational reality.
> Modern science has a major lacuna, the notion that all of reality is 
> mathematical, that prevents science from grasping the complete nature of 
> reality. In truth all of reality is logical, as is software, and the 
> mathematics is just a subset of the logic. After all, modern science with 
> its misguided insistence that all of reality is mathematical, has had 
> nothing useful to say about the nature of either consciousness or the 
> present moment, the two most fundamental aspects of experience. However I 
> present a computational based information approach to these in my book 
> among many other things.
> The second clarification that needs to be made to the post on Marchal's 
> work is that human math and logic are distinct from the actual math and 
> logic that computes reality. The human version is a generalized and 
> extended approximation of the actual that differs from the actual 
> logico-mathematical structure of reality in important ways (e.g. infinities 
> and infinitesimals which don't actually exist in external reality).
> I can explain further if anyone is interested, or you can read about it in 
> my book...
> Edgar Owen

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