Whenever purported "free energy" phenomena turn up with no apparent source of excess energy, there are a limited number of candidates which seem to rear their ugly heads.

This only applies to LENR in the absence of real nuclear energy, but the nucleus can be part of a combined MO. In rough order of scientific validity and usefulness, these candidates for the source of gain are:

1) ZPE (aether, raumenergie, dynamical Casimir effect, space energy, vacuum energy, quantum energy, Hotson epo field, quantum foam, etc)
2) CMB cosmic microwave background (3K-CMB)
2) neutrinos
4) Schumann resonance
5) Fair weather field
6) Magnetic field of earth
7) Ambient heat (plus deep heat sink)
8) Below absolute zero (deeper heat sink)
9) Anti-gravity effect

There are more but they tend to be different wording or combinations of the above ... and even more incredulous. Many combinations are possible.

The main reason for bringing this up is that recently CMB has been estimated to be slightly more robust than once thought and with new ways to couple to it. The CMB is probably a subset of ZPE but the energy density of space in terms of the microwave-only spectrum is the equivalent of 0.261 eV per cubic cm, though the actual temperature of 2.7 K is much less than that would indicate - and the peak of the spectrum is at a frequency of 160.4 GHz. ZPE as a whole may be more robust, but CMB is adequate for many uses.

The peak intensity of the background is about... ta ad.. a whopping 385 MJy/Sr (that's MegaJanskys per Steradian (I kid you not) which is a candidate for the oddest metric in all of free energy, maybe all of physics ... along with furlongs per fortnight).

At any rate, if one could invent the way to couple to CMB easily, it would be possible to see an effective temperature equivalent in an excellent range for thermionics, for instance. The ~2 mm wavelength is interesting too. There have been fringe reports of anomalies with 13 gauge wire but anything with the number 13 is going to bring out the worst ...

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