On Friday, February 1, 2019 at 1:54:15 PM UTC-6, Brent wrote:
> On 2/1/2019 5:52 AM, Philip Thrift wrote:
> In any case, one of the "micropsychists"  has a new paper just out:
> "According to the *fusion* view ... when micro- or protoconscious 
> entities come together in the right way, they fuse or 'blend' together to 
> form a single unified consciousness. ..."
> *Is Consciousness Intrinsic? A Problem for the Integrated Information 
> Theory*
> Hedda Hassel Mørch
> Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (1-2):133-162(30) (2019)
> https://philpapers.org/rec/MRCICI
> https://philpapers.org/archive/MRCICI.pdf
> *Abstract*
> The Integrated Information Theory of consciousness (IIT) claims that 
> consciousness is identical to maximal integrated information, or maximal Φ. 
> One objection to IIT is based on what may be called the intrinsicality 
> problem: consciousness is an intrinsic property, but maximal Φ is an 
> extrinsic property; therefore, they cannot be identical. 
> A more cogent objection is that it attributes lots of consciousness to a 
> Vandermonde matrix:
> https://www.scottaaronson.com/blog/?p=1799
> Brent

Scott Aaronson wrote this about 5 years ago. I haven't looked if he has has 
anything new.

Regarding informationism vs. panpsychism, he only addresses the former.

*I’ve just conjured into my imagination beings whose Φ-values are a 
thousand, nay a trillion times larger than humans’, yet who are also 
philosophical zombies: entities that there’s nothing that it’s like to be.*

That of course panpsychists agree with.

He procedes:

*Let S=F_p, where p is some prime sufficiently larger than n, and let V be 
an n×n Vandermonde matrix over F_p—that is, a matrix whose (i,j) entry 
equals i^(j-1) (mod p).  Then let f:S^n→S^n be the update function defined 
by f(x)=Vx. *

Concludes: *the fact that Integrated Information Theory is 
wrong—demonstrably wrong, for reasons that go to its core—puts it in 
something like the top 2% of all mathematical theories of consciousness 
ever proposed.*

Now here is where panpsychists diverge from this way of thinking: 
Everything Scott wrote above involves ultimately computing with numerical 
entities as the "atoms" (so to speak) of what the "computer" is computing 
with. What the panpsychists are saying is that it is not numerical entities 
(numericals: Ns) at all that are at the base of the computing, but 
experiential entities (experientials: Es). *Es are as basic (ontologically) 
as Ns*.

*Defining what Es are* is the fundamental problem for panpsychists (vs. 
numerists, or informationists).

- pt


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